Chakri Dynasty commemorated on April 6
Banks and businesses to close in observance of holiday
Chakri Day (April 6) was first
instituted by H.M. King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) in the year 1919 to commemorate
all the Kings in the Chakri Dynasty, which started with Rama I and continues
to this day with Rama IX, H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej the Great.
The reigning Kings in the House of
Chakri brought peace and tranquility to the people within Thailand’s borders
and successfully protected the Kingdom, maintaining sovereignty and
integrity through crucial periods threatened by European colonization and
two World Wars.
In commemorating “Chakri Day” the
national flag is proudly displayed by the people of Thailand and traditional
ceremonies are held for government officials and members of the community,
making offerings of flowers and garlands at the many statues of Kings in the
House of Chakri.
The Chakri Dynasty, or the “House of
Chakri” followed the reign of King Taksin the Great, when He abdicated due
to poor health. The Chakri Dynasty was ushered in on 6 April 1782 when a
close aid of King Taksin, General Chakri, marched back into Thonburi and
assumed the throne as H.M. King Buddhayodfa the Great. Each Monarch
thereafter has had “Rama” as part of their title.
Banks, government offices and most
business offices will close on Friday, April 6 in observance of this special
Chakri Dynasty - Chronology of the
Dynasty of Thailand
Buddhayodfa the Great (Rama I)
The first King of the Chakri Dynasty moved the capital city
from Thonburi to Bangkok and built the Grand Palace that houses the Emerald
Buddha. Helped release Thailand from Burmese control after Ayuthaya
succumbed 14 years earlier.
The first great
poet king of the Chakri Dynasty, renowned for his literature.
Nangklao (Rama III)
Extensively encouraged international trading and education, enhanced
promotion of Buddhism and built many temples.
Modernized Thailand in both commerce and education. Known as the “Father of
Thai Scientists” and famous for his astrology.
the Great (Rama V)
One of the most
beloved and revered kings, He abolished slavery, extensively contacted the
Western world, modernized the government, education, transportation, and
communication. His diplomacy skills saved Thailand from being colonized
during the colonial period.
Vajiravudh (Rama VI)
great poet king. Continued the work of Rama V in modernizing Thailand.
Promoted education and established the Boy Scouts in Thailand.
Prajadhipok (Rama VII)
April 6, 1932 the country celebrated the sesquicentenary of the Chakri
Dynasty - months later on December 10, 1932 King Prajadhipok granted a
constitution to the Thai people, and the Constitutional Monarchy of the
present day was born.
King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII)
grandson of King Rama V, King Ananda Mahidol was the eldest son and second
child of H.R.H. Prince Mahidol Adulyadej, Prince of Songkla. He succeeded
his uncle, King Prajadhipok, as King on March 2, 1935.
Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)
true monarch of the people and guiding light for the whole Thai nation.
Saved Thailand from many crises, dedicated to raising the living standards
of the poor, especially in remote regions.
Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun (Rama X)
Recognized for his tireless efforts to follow in the royal footsteps of HM
the late King and HM the Queen in promoting the well-being of Thai people by
visiting people in various regions to listen to their problems. His Majesty
has gained in-depth experiences in many fields and has provided his
initiatives for the benefits and happiness of the people and prosperity and
security to the country.
A most happy birthday to
Her Royal Highness Princess
Maha Chakri Sirindhorn
The entire Chiang Mai Mail staff joins the Kingdom
of Thailand in humbly wishing HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn a long,
healthy and happy life on this occasion of the Royal Anniversary of Her
Birth. (Photo courtesy Bureau of the Royal Household)
The Kingdom of Thailand
on April 2 celebrates the most auspicious occasion of Her Royal Highness
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn’s 63rd birthday. We at the Chiang Mai Mail
join in with our most humble wishes for HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn
for a long, healthy and happy life.
Her Royal Highness
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn was born on April 2, 1955, the third child
of HM the late King Bhumibol Adulyadej and HM Queen Sirikit, and the younger
sister of HM King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun.
HRH the Princess holds
honorary degrees in Geography, Chinese Studies of Humane Letters,
Agriculture, Botany, Chinese, Pharmacy, Information Technology, Rural
Technology, Public Health, Humane Letters, Regional Development Strategies,
Environmental Science, Veterinary Medicine, Physics, and Laws.
In addition, HRH the
Princess presides over ceremonies as well as other social and charity
functions all through the year.
In addition to her
knowledge of Pali, Sanskrit and Cambodian, HRH the Princess is communicative
in both English and French and has been learning Chinese, German and Latin.
Happy Birthday HRH Princess Ubolratana
Chiang Mai Mail humbly joins the Kingdom of Thailand in wishing Her Royal
Highness Princess Ubolratana a most happy birthday on April 5. (Photo
courtesy of the Bureau of the Royal Household)
Her Royal Highness
Princess Ubolratana Rajakanya Sirivadhana Phannavadi was born on April 5,
1951, in Lausanne Switzerland. She is the eldest child of HM the late King
Bhumibol Adulyadej and HM Queen Sirikit, and the older sister of HM King
Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun.
HRH Princess Ubolratana
is a very devoted leader of young people in the campaign against drugs, and
as such has instituted and keenly watches over the To Be Number One project,
encouraging family values, music and sport as alternatives to drug use. She
has also set up the Khun Poom project to assist autistic children in
In 2008, HRH Princess
Ubolratana played the main role in the Thai film “Where The Miracle
HRH Princess Ubolratana
has also shown a keen interest in the way Thailand is being promoted by the
TAT, and regularly attends the International Tourism Bourse (ITB) in Berlin.
Her Royal Highness
Princess Ubolratana graciously donated two million baht in cash and a number
of blankets to aid disaster victims of a massive earthquake and tsunami in
Chiang Mai Youth Cultural Exchange students to perform in Stockholm and Minnesota
Miss Panisara Wongsri
performing the northern traditional ‘Ram Kan Dok’
The Thai-Chiangmai Cultural Exchange
Centre organized a grand rehearsal and blessing ceremony on April 1 for
Youth Cultural Exchange Students batch 10, who will all be traveling to
Stockholm, Sweden and Minnesota, USA from April 11 until May 12, 2018.
Deputy Governor Prajuab Kantiya,
presided over the event held at Kad Suan Kaew where he presented
certificates and gave the children his blessings. Provincial education
executives, school directors, members of the Cultural Promotion Division,
parents of the students and hundreds of well-wishers were present at the
The children performed Chud Chui Chai
Kingmai Thong and Berk Fa Nasiam Hit Hoi Lanna dances including the Songkran
Ban Hao and other traditional Lanna dances.
The very much respected Dr. Chao Duang
Duan Na Chiangmai was also present and gave her blessings to the children
and tied sacred thread around their wrists.
Amongst the talented children selected
to represent Thailand was Panisara Wongsri, daughter of Peerasan Wongsri,
director of the Chiang Mai Mail, who will perform the northern ‘Ram Kan Dok’
dance and the northeastern ‘Kun Truem’ dance during the international tour.
Miss Panisara Wongsri
dances the north eastern ‘Kun Truem’
‘Kun Truem’ is a lively rhythmic dance accompanied by
the traditional Thai fiddle and drums.
Panisara proudly receives her certificate of
A group picture of all the participants together with their teachers.
Miss Napassawan Sittawibool performs the part Phra Ram from the Ramayana
The children perform the traditional dances with grace and beauty.
depicts the life style of the Lanna people.
Phra Ram played by Miss
Napassawan Sittawibool chases the golden deer played by Miss Kamonchanok
Thanyaporn Juntrakoon, Chairman of the Thai-Chang Mai Cultural Centre ties
the auspicious sacred thread on Panisara’s wrist with blessings for a safe
and successful journey overseas, bringing pride to her family and country.