Hong Kong police shoot protester, man set on fire
image made from video, a police officer, left, prepares to shoot a
protester, center, in Hong Kong Monday, Nov. 11, 2019. The police shot the
protester as demonstrators blocked subway lines and roads during the Monday
morning commute. (Cupid Producer via AP)
volunteers help an injured man after being attacked by pro-democracy
protesters during a crash between protesters and police in Hong Kong,
Monday, Nov. 11, 2019. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
with an umbrella runs away from tear gas fired by riot police on a street
scattered with bricks during a protests in Hong Kong, Monday, Nov. 11, 2019.
(AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
By ALICE FUNG Associated Press
HONG KONG (AP) — Following a day of violence in which
one person was shot by police and another set on fire, Hong Kong's leader
pledged Monday to "spare no effort" to halt anti-government protests that
have wracked the city for more than five months.
The comments by Carrie Lam are likely to fuel
speculation that harsher legal and police measures may be in the works.
"I do not want to go into details, but I just want to
make it very clear that we will spare no effort in finding ways and means
that could end the violence in Hong Kong as soon as possible," Lam told
Lam also refused to accept the protesters' demands for
"If there is still any wishful thinking that, by
escalating violence, the Hong Kong SAR government will yield to pressure to
satisfy the so-called political demands, I am making this statement clear
and loud here: That will not happen," Lam said, using the initials for
Special Administrative Region, which describes the city's status as a
semi-autonomous Chinese territory.
"These rioters' actions have far exceeded their
demands, and they are enemies of the people," she said.
Following Lam's comments, confrontations between
protesters and police continued into the night, with black-clad
demonstrators torching at least one vehicle and blocking an intersection in
the Mongkok district that has been the scene of many clashes. A taxi driver
was taken away by ambulance with head wounds, although it wasn't immediately
clear how he had been injured.
The violence is likely to further inflame passions in
Hong Kong after a university student who fell from a parking garage during
an earlier protest succumbed Friday to his injuries and police arrested six
pro-democracy lawmakers over the weekend on charges of obstructing the local
assembly during a raucous May 11 meeting. All were freed on bail.
China's ruling Communist Party has also indicated it
may try to find a way to enact anti-subversion laws in the territory. Such
measures were shelved previously due to public opposition.
While Beijing has dismissed reports it may replace Lam
next year, the party last week issued a statement saying it would "perfect"
the system to appoint and dismiss Hong Kong's leader and top officials.
In a widely distributed video, a police officer is
shown shooing away a group of protesters at an intersection Monday morning,
then drawing his gun on a masked protester in a white hooded sweatshirt who
As the two struggle, another protester in black
approaches, at whom the officer points his gun. He then fires at the stomach
area of the second protester, who falls to the ground. The officer appeared
to fire again as a third protester in black joined the tussle.
The protester in white flees up a nearby stairway, and
the officer and a colleague pin the two in black to the ground.
Police said only one protester was hit and that he was
undergoing surgery. The Hong Kong hospital authority said the person was
initially in critical condition but was stable after surgery.
It was the second protester shot since the
demonstrations began in early June, although police have repeatedly drawn
their firearms to ward off attacks. Police said they arrested more than 260
people on Monday, adding to the more than 3,300 arrests since the movement
erupted in June.
Few details were available about the burning incident
in the Ma On Shan neighborhood. Video posted online shows the victim arguing
with a group of young people before someone douses him with a liquid and
strikes a lighter. The man was reported in critical condition.
Police fired tear gas and deployed a water cannon in
parts of the city and charged onto the campus of Chinese University, where
students were protesting. Online video also showed a policeman on a
motorcycle riding through a group of protesters in an apparent attempt to
Police spokesman Tse Chun-chung said the shooting,
burning and motorcycle incidents were all under investigation, but defended
the officers' actions as necessary for their own safety. Tse said two people
were arrested in the shooting incident, including the person shot, but no
one has yet been detained over the burning.
Protesters built barricades and blocked roads at about
120 locations across the city of 7.4 million and demonstrations were still
ongoing, Tse said.
"Continuing this rampage is a lose-lose situation for
Hong Kong. Everyone is a loser," Tse said.
Rail service was partly suspended because of fires and
obstacles on the tracks and windows were smashed at a branch of the
state-owned Bank of China. Large parts of the downtown business district
were closed to traffic as protesters surrounded by onlookers engaged in a
standoff with police.
The protests began over a proposed extradition law and
have expanded to include demands for greater democracy and police
accountability. Activists say Hong Kong's autonomy and Western-style civil
liberties, promised when the former British colony was returned to China in
1997, are eroding.
The video of the shooting was posted on Facebook by
Cupid Producer, an outlet that started last year and appears to post mostly
live videos related to local news.
The shooting occurred in a crosswalk at a large
intersection strewn with debris that had backed up traffic in Sai Wan Ho, a
neighborhood on the eastern part of Hong Kong Island.
In a statement, the Hong Kong government said police
had been responding to vandalism and disruptions of traffic, including
protesters throwing heavy objects onto roads from above.
"During police operations, one police officer has
discharged his service revolver, one male was shot," the statement said,
adding that officers also drew their guns in the Shatin and Tung Chung
The statement denied what it called online rumors that
police had been ordered to "recklessly use their firearms," calling the
allegation "totally false and malicious."
"All police officers are required to justify their
enforcement actions," the statement said.
A patch of what looked like dried blood could be seen
in a cordoned-off area after the shooting, as onlookers shouted insults at
Masked protesters continued trying to block other
intersections in the area, but police chased them away with pepper spray,
hitting some bystanders as well.
On Sunday, police fired tear gas and protesters
vandalized stores at shopping malls during demonstrations. They targeted
businesses whose owners are seen as pro-Beijing and also damaged the Sha Tin
Police said they arrested at least 88 people on charges
including unlawful assembly, possession of an offensive weapon, criminal
damage and wearing masks at an unlawful assembly.
Hong Kong is preparing for Nov. 24 district council
elections that are seen as a measure of public sentiment toward the
government. Pro-democracy lawmakers accuse the government of trying to
provoke violence to justify canceling or postponing the vote.
Winds, heat pose extreme fire danger in Australian southeast
Nov. 11, 2019, photo, firefighters work on a controlled burn in Koorainghat,
New South Wales state, Australia. (Darren Pateman/AAP Images via AP)
By ROD McGUIRK Associated Press
CANBERRA, Australia (AP) — Hundreds of schools were
closed and residents were urged to evacuate woodlands for the relative
safety of city centers Tuesday as hot, dry and windy weather posed an
extreme fire danger across Australia's most populous state.
New South Wales state is under a weeklong state of
emergency, a declaration that gives the Rural Fire Service sweeping powers
to control resources and direct other government agencies in its efforts to
battle fires. The worst fires are expected in the state's northeast, where
three people have died and more than 150 homes have been destroyed since
Friday, as well as around Sydney, Australia's largest city.
Rural Fire Service Commissioner Shane Fitzsimmons said
3,000 firefighters were available to fight more than 50 fires blazing across
the state. The fires are expected to worsen as winds are forecast to gust at
between 70 kmh (43 mph) and 90 kmh (56 mph) later Tuesday.
"Now is the time to exercise those decisions to leave,
leave early and go to safer locations, safer towns and villages or safer
places in your local community, such as the shopping centers," Fitzsimmons
"We plan for these sorts of days. But we always hope
they never come," he added.
More than 600 schools and technical colleges were
closed because they are close to woodlands at risk of fire.
The Australian fire season, which peaks during the
Southern Hemisphere summer, has started early after an unusually warm and
More than 1 million hectares (3,800 square miles) of
forest and farmland had already burned across the state this fire season,
more than three times the 280,000 hectares (1,080 square miles) that burned
during the entire last season, Fitzsimmons said.
China's Alibaba, JD report booming Singles Day sales
A big screen
shows the online sales for e-commerce giant Alibaba surpassed RMB 100
billion or US14 billion at 01:03:59 after the Nov. 11 Tmall Shopping
Festival started midnight in Shanghai, China Monday, Nov. 11, 2019. (Chinatopix
By JOE McDONALD
BEIJING (AP) — Chinese e-commerce giants Alibaba and
JD.com reported nearly $70 billion in sales Monday on Singles Day, an annual
marketing event that is the world's busiest online shopping day.
The day was a temporary relief to retailers that face
fading demand as Chinese consumers tighten their belts, anxious over slowing
economic growth and the tariff war with Washington.
University students created Singles Day in the 1990s as
an alternative to Valentine's Day for people without romantic partners.
Alibaba adopted it as a marketing tool a decade ago.
Rivals including JD.com, China's biggest online direct
retailer, and electronics seller Suning joined in. The tactic has caught on
in other Asian countries, too.
The creators picked Nov. 11 because the date is written
with four singles - "11 11."
On Monday, retailers offered discounts on goods from
smartphones to craft beer to health care packages.
"Yesterday night, I was browsing past 11 p.m. Many of
my friends around me were staying up till 2 a.m. to buy stuff," said Zhu
Yirun, a graduate student in Beijing.
Alibaba said sales by merchants on its platforms
totaled 268.4 billion yuan ($38.3 billion) for the 24 hours ending at
midnight Monday after passing its 2018 total before 6 p.m. JD.com said its
sales were 204.4 billion yuan ($29.1 billion).
Alibaba kicked off the event Sunday night with a
concert by Taylor Swift at a Shanghai stadium.
E-commerce grew rapidly in China due to a lack of
traditional retailing networks and government efforts to promote internet
use. The country has the biggest online population with more than 800
million web users.
Alibaba, JD.com, Baidu and other internet giants have
expanded into consumer finance, entertainment and offline retailing.
Monday was Alibaba's first Singles Day since its
founder, Jack Ma, stepped down as chairman in September. He stayed on as a
member of the Alibaba Partnership, a 36-member group with the right to
nominate a majority of the company's board of directors.
E-commerce has created some of China's biggest
Ma, 55, is China's richest entrepreneur with a net
worth of $39 billion, according to the Hurun Report, which tracks the
Colin Huang of Pinduoduo was No. 7 on Hurun's list at
$19 billion. Zhang Jindong of Suning was No. 15 at $14 billion and Richard
Liu of JD.com was No. 28 at $11 billion.
Last year, Alibaba reported Singles Day sales of 213.5
billion yuan ($30.8 billion), or more than 13 times its daily average of
about 16 billion yuan ($2.3 billion).
Suning said sales of smartphones and other electronics
passed 1 billion yuan ($160 million) in the first minute after midnight. The
company said later sales were up 86% over 2018's Singles Day but gave no
Dangdang, an online book retailer, said it sold 6.8
million copies in the first hour.
Chinese online spending is growing faster than total
retail sales but also is weakening as economic growth decelerates. Growth
declined to a multi-decade low of 6% over a year earlier in the quarter
ending in September.
Online sales of goods rose 16.8% over a year earlier in
the first nine months of 2019 to 5.8 trillion yuan ($825 billion), according
to official data. That was more than double the 8.2% growth rate for total
consumer spending but down from an average of about 30% in recent years.
E-commerce made up 19.5% of Chinese consumer spending,
compared with about 11% of spending for American consumers.
Yang Wei, a migrant worker in Beijing, planned to skip
the online rush.
"I feel like the difference (in price) is not that big,
and since everyone's buying all at once, the logistics and delivery are
slower," said Yang. "I think that it's actually better for me to buy when
not everyone's buying."
Iran discovers new oil field with over 50 billion barrels
photo released by the official website of the office of the Iranian
Presidency, President Hassan Rouhani speaks in a public gathering at the
city of Yazd, some 410 miles (680 kilometers) southeast of the capital
Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Nov. 10, 2019. (Office of the Iranian Presidency via
By AMIR VAHDAT Associated Press
TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — Iran has discovered a new oil field
in the country's south with over 50 billion barrels of crude, its president
said Sunday, a find that could boost the country's proven reserves by a
third as it struggles to sell energy abroad over U.S. sanctions.
The announcement by Hassan Rouhani comes as Iran faces
crushing American sanctions after the U.S. pulled out of its nuclear deal
with world powers last year.
Rouhani made the announcement in a speech in the desert
city of Yazd. He said the field was located in Iran's southern Khuzestan
province, home to its crucial oil industry.
Some 53 billion barrels would be added to Iran's proven
reserves of roughly 150 billion, he said.
"I am telling the White House that in the days when you
sanctioned the sale of Iranian oil and pressured our nation, the country's
dear workers and engineers were able to discover 53 billion barrels of oil
in a big field," Rouhani said.
Oil reserves refer to crude that's economically
feasible to extract. Figures can vary wildly by country due to differing
standards, though it remains a yardstick of comparison among oil-producing
Iran currently has the world's fourth-largest proven
deposits of crude oil and the world's second-largest deposits of natural
gas. It shares a massive offshore field in the Persian Gulf with Qatar.
The new oil field could become Iran's second-largest
field after one containing 65 billion barrels in Ahvaz. The field is 2,400
square kilometers (925 square miles), with the deposit some 80 meters (260
feet) deep, Rouhani said.
Since the U.S. withdrew from the 2015 nuclear deal, the
other countries involved — Germany, France, Britain, Russia and China — have
been struggling to save it. However, they've offered no means by which Iran
can sell its oil abroad.
Any company or government that buys Iran's oil faces
harsh U.S. sanctions, the threat of which also stopped billions of dollars
in business deals and sharply depreciated Iran's currency, the rial.
Iran has since gone beyond the deal's stockpile and
enrichment limits, as well as started using advanced centrifuges barred by
the deal. It also just began injecting uranium gas into centrifuges at an
The collapse of the nuclear deal coincided with a tense
summer of mysterious attacks on oil tankers and Saudi oil facilities that
the U.S. blamed on Iran. Tehran denied the allegation, though it did seize
oil tankers and shoot down a U.S. military surveillance drone.
Despite fires, California wine is doing just fine - for now
In this Wednesday, Nov. 6,
2019 photo, Izzy Lewkosky, of Kansas City, Kan., tastes a glass of Cabernet
Sauvignon while looking out at the wildfire incinerated Soda Rock Winery in
Healdsburg, Calif. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg)
In this Wednesday, Nov. 6,
2019 photo, partner Bret Munselle of Munselle Vineyards stands with his dogs
and looks out at the hillside where he lost about half of the young vines he
had planted before a fire raged through the upper part of his ranch in
Geyserville, Calif. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg)
In this Wednesday, Nov. 6,
2019 photo, Paul Witt and his wife Cindy, of Forney, Texas, stop to take
pictures beneath a 20-foot sculpture of a boar that still stands in front of
the wildfire incinerated Soda Rock Winery in Healdsburg, Calif. (AP
In this Wednesday, Nov. 6, 2019 photo, Paul Witt
and his wife Cindy, of Forney, Texas, stop to take pictures beneath a
20-foot sculpture of a boar that still stands in front of the wildfire
incinerated Soda Rock Winery in Healdsburg, Calif. If you're worried that
wildfires might have created shortages of Northern California's 2019
Cabernet Sauvignon, or even just imparted it with an undesirable smoky
flavor, you can relax. The wine is just fine. For now. Despite a late
October blaze that raged through one of the world's best-known wine-growing
regions. forcing evacuations in two mid-sized towns, wine production in
Sonoma County escaped largely unscathed. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg)
By RACHEL LERMAN AP Business Writer
HEALDSBURG, Calif. (AP) — If you're worried that
wildfires might have created shortages of Northern California's 2019
cabernet sauvignon, or even just imparted it with an undesirable smoky
flavor, you can relax. The wine is just fine. For now.
Despite a late October blaze that raged through one of
the world's best-known wine-growing regions. forcing evacuations in two
mid-sized towns, wine production in Sonoma County escaped largely unscathed.
Limerick Lane Wines, for instance, avoided serious
damage despite flames that licked at two sides of its property in the
Russian River Valley just south of Healdsburg. Limerick's grapes were
already harvested, crushed and stored in tanks and barrels. The winery's
sealed cellar prevented smoke damage to its inventory, said owner Jake
Bilbro, although its tasting room now has an acrid smell.
"I have to thank the people who planted our vineyards
and built our house 100 years ago," Bilbro said. "Our buildings are all
surrounded by vineyards, and vineyards are excellent fire breaks."
Overall, vintners estimate that the region lost only
about five percent of its harvest to fire and smoke — not a perfect outcome,
but better than in 2017, when wildfire struck with only about 90% of the
harvest in. The remaining grapes weren't all lost, but that year's vintages
were rumored to have a "smoky" taste, and winemakers were taking no chances
Many in Sonoma, a sprawling county larger than Rhode
Island located about an hour north of San Francisco, say they're hoping that
fires don't become the new normal. But with the smell of smoke lingers in
the air and the charred hills serving as a reminder, they're also making
plans in case they do.
Fire season isn't over yet, of course, and the now
largely contained Kincade fire did incinerate the historic Soda Rock Winery,
although most vineyards sustained no damage and lost no production. But the
region has suffered a precipitous drop in fall tourism, which could
undermine the economic health of its wineries and hospitality industry
Bret Munselle lost about half of the young vines he had
planted just two months before when a fire raged through the upper part of
his ranch at Munselle Vineyards in Alexander Valley, between Healdsburg and
Geyserville. The drainage below the plants was also damaged, and will
probably cost $150,000 to repair, he said.
It could have been much worse if mature vineyards were
more appealing to fire. Water-rich vines and grapes planted in plowed rows
don't offer them much fuel, he said.
"My family has lived on this property for 130 years,"
Munselle said. "We've never seen it burn from the tops of mountains to the
Climate change is making summers warmer and drying out
more forest brush, creating greater fuel reservoirs for wildfire, said Noah
Diffenbaugh, a professor of earth system science at Stanford. The
late-autumn rains that typically end fire season have started later in
recent years, he said, although it's not yet clear whether that's also
Oddly enough, those same effects can help protect the
grape crop by accelerating ripening of the fruit and reducing the chance
that unexpectedly early rains might damage it.
Wine researchers have suggested vineyards might need to
adjust harvest times, evaluate what they plant, even possibly move to cooler
areas over time.
Few grape growers are dramatically changing their
practices yet. No one is talking about closing up shop or moving elsewhere.
But winemakers are tinkering anyway — and everyone is buying backup
Clay Mauritson of Mauritson Wines said he and his
family are experimenting with different pruning methods to increase shade on
the plants, although they don't see any need to shift to new growing areas.
"We don't want to be too dramatic or reactionary," he
said. "We are going to take baby steps to make sure we're prepared for what
Tourism, which is usually booming amid the fall colors
and mild temperatures, has taken a serious blow. Evacuations of nearby
Healdsburg and Windsor, along with planned blackouts by the region's
utility, PG&E — plus, the widespread misperception that the vineyards
themselves burned — led to a rash of cancellations for hotel, restaurant and
Joe Bartolomei, owner of the upscale boutique hotel
Farmhouse Inn in Forestville, said he would normally be sold out this time
of year. But on Nov. 1, his inn had only two of 25 rooms filled. He's trying
to get the message out that the county businesses are intact and open for
But, he said, "it's going to be a slow, gradual
Visitor numbers had just started recovering from a
similar drop-off following the 2017 fires, said Sonoma County Tourism
president Clauda Vecchio.
So the tourism bureau now plans to promote wine country
as a spring destination rather than fall, and is devoting the bulk of its
$750,000 advertising budget to that end. That means convincing visitors to
come celebrate "bud break," when green shoots make the vineyards colorful,
rather than the harvest itself.
But to boost tourism numbers to a level she'd like,
Vecchio says she would really need roughly ten times the budget.
The good news, Diffenbaugh said, is that people have a
long history of figuring out how to thrive in all kinds of environments.
"Humans are really good at dealing with a variety of
different conditions," he said. "What climate change is doing is changing
which conditions occur where."
Over 100,000 greet Japan's emperor at enthronement parade
Japanese Emperor Naruhito,
left, and Empress Masako, right, wave during the royal motorcade in Tokyo,
Sunday, Nov. 10, 2019. (AP Photo/Eugene Hoshiko)
Japanese well-wishers hold
Japanese national flag at the Imperial Palace before the royal parade of
Japanese Emperor Naruhito and Empress Masako in Tokyo, Sunday, Nov. 10,
2019. (AP Photo/Eugene Hoshiko)
By MARI YAMAGUCHI
TOKYO (AP) — Japan's Emperor Naruhito and Empress
Masako waved and smiled from an open car in a parade Sunday marking
Naruhito's enthronement as more than 100,000 delighted well-wishers cheered,
waved small flags and took photos from packed sidewalks.
Security was extremely tight, with police setting up 40
checkpoints leading to the parade area. Selfie sticks, bottles and banners —
and even shouting — were not allowed inside the restricted zone. Residents
in high-rise apartment buildings along the road were advised not to look
down from their windows or balconies.
Naruhito succeeded his father, Akihito, on May 1
following his abdication, and formally ascended the Chrysanthemum Throne in
a palace ceremony last month. He's pledged to follow his father's example to
fulfill his responsibilities as a state symbol, stick with pacifism and stay
close to the people. Under Japan's postwar constitution, the emperor has no
political power and is limited to ceremonial roles.
Sunday's parade started from the Imperial Palace, with
the Kimigayo national anthem played by a marching band.
Naruhito, wearing a tail coat decorated with medals and
carrying a brimmed hat, and Masako, in an off-white long dress and a tiara,
waved from a Toyota Century convertible. The car was decorated with the
Chrysanthemum emblems and the emperor's flag during the half-hour motorcade
on the 4.6-kilometer (3-mile) route from the palace to the Akasaka imperial
residence in the soft afternoon sun.
Naruhito, sitting on the right side on the slightly
raised backseat, constantly turned his head to the right and left,
responding to the people cheering from the opposite side of the street as
the motorcade slowly moved at a jogger's speed, led by a fleet of police
The parade was postponed from its original October date
due to a typhoon that left more than 90 people dead and tens of thousands of
homes flooded or damaged.
An estimated 119,000 people came to watch the parade
Sunday, local media reported.
The parade wraps up Naruhito's official succession
events, though he'll perform a highly religious imperial rite later this
week. Some experts say the government's funding of the Shinto harvest ritual
could violate constitutional separation of state and religion.
Thousands of people had lined up at checkpoints hours
before the parade, trying to secure their place to get the best possible
view of the royal couple.
Takahiro Suzuki, a 75-year-old retiree who traveled
from Chigasaki, west of Tokyo, arrived two hours ahead of the parade, but
said it was worth it.
"The sky is so blue and this is a great day for taking
photos, as if it's the heaven's blessing for (the emperor)," said Suzuki, an
He said he admired the former emperor and wants to see
Naruhito continue his father's work.
"I hope he will continue to stick with peace, as his
father did," Suzuki said, but added that Japan should think seriously about
the stability of the monarchy as it faces a shortage of eligible successors.
Conservatives insist on the male-only succession, but Suzuki says he
wouldn't mind a female monarch.
The parade was the first since Naruhito and Masako's
marriage in June 1993, just three years after their parents celebrated their
enthronement in a Rolls Royce.
Naruhito and Masako have been warmly welcomed by the
public. Many Japanese were especially impressed by the couple freely
conversing with President Donald Trump and first lady Melania Trump during
their visit weeks after Naruhito's succession in May, according to palace
There are expectations that Naruhito — who is Japan's
first emperor with a college degree and who studied abroad — and his
Harvard-educated wife will internationalize the imperial household.
Naruhito, who studied at Oxford, is a historian, a
viola player and an expert on water transport. Masako, a former diplomat,
has struggled for more than a decade and had largely withdrawn from public
appearances until recently. She developed "adjustment disorder" after giving
birth to the couple's only child, Princess Aiko, and facing pressure to
produce a boy in Japan's monarchy.
Despite concerns about her health and skepticism over
her ability to fulfill even part of the hugely popular former Empress
Michiko's work, Masako has been seen in good health and in smiles as she
attended most of her duties recently.
Opinion polls show public support and a sense of
friendliness to the royal family have increased over the past three decades,
owing largely to Naruhito's parents' effort to bring what used to be an
aloof palace closer to the people.
Queen, politicians out in force as UK remembers its war dead
Queen Elizabeth II, Kate, Duchess of Cambridge, right, and Camilla, Duchess
of Cornwall, attend the Remembrance Sunday ceremony at the Cenotaph in
Whitehall in London, Sunday, Nov. 10, 2019. Remembrance Sunday is held each
year to commemorate the service men and women who fought in past military
conflicts. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
veterans arrive for the Remembrance Sunday ceremony at the Cenotaph in
Whitehall in London, Sunday, Nov. 10, 2019. Remembrance Sunday is held each
year to commemorate the service men and women who fought in past military
conflicts. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
By JILL LAWLESS
LONDON (AP) — Queen Elizabeth II joined Britons
in remembering their war dead, as the country's political leaders paused
campaigning for the Dec.
122 election to take part in a somber Remembrance Sunday service in
The queen, dressed in black, watched from a balcony as
her son and heir Prince Charles laid a wreath of scarlet poppies on the
Cenotaph war memorial near Parliament.
93-year-old monarch, who served as an army mechanic during World War
II, performed the wreath-laying for most of her
67-year reign, but has cut back on her public duties. An aide laid a
wreath on behalf of the queen's
98-year-old husband Prince Philip, who has retired from public
The ceremony takes place every year on the nearest
Sunday to the anniversary of the end of World War I at
11 a.m. on Nov.
Thousands of military personnel, veterans and members
of the public gathered in the streets around the Cenotaph to honor those
killed in that war and subsequent conflicts.
As Parliament's Big Ben bell sounded at
11 a.m., the crowd fell silent for a two-minute pause. The silence
was broken by a single artillery blast and Royal Marines buglers sounding
"The Last Post."
A military band played as royals, politicians, leaders
from many religious faiths and diplomats from the Commonwealth of former
British colonies laid wreaths on the Portland stone monument, erected after
World War I and inscribed with the words "the glorious dead."
Prime Minister Boris Johnson, opposition Labour Party
leader Jeremy Corbyn and other political leaders took time out from
campaigning to join the ceremony on a cold, sunny autumn morning.
But the politicians did not entirely steer clear of
partisan point-scoring. In a Remembrance Sunday message, Johnson said the
Conservative government had established an Office for Veteran Affairs "as a
sign of my commitment to those who have served."
In his own message, Corbyn claimed that service
personnel "have faced pay cuts, service accommodation left in disrepair, and
are worried their children are left without the support that they need."
After the formal wreath-laying, thousands of veterans,
war widows and their families marched past the monument to the sound of a
military band, applauded by well-wishers lining the sidewalks. Almost
everyone wore a red paper poppy — the official symbol of remembrance — on
Similar ceremonies were held in dozens of towns and
cities across Britain and at British military bases overseas.
Over 100,000 celebrate 30 years since fall of Berlin Wall
President Frank-Walter Steinmeier is seen on giant video screens as he
delivers a speech in front of the Brandenburg Gate as part of stage
presentations to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin
Wall in Berlin, Germany, Saturday, Nov. 9, 2019. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)
BERLIN (AP) — Police and
organizers say more than 100,000 people took part in an open-air party
celebrating the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Despite the cold and damp, crowds flocked to Berlin's
Brandenburg Gate late Saturday for music and fireworks.
The boulevard leading up to the Brandenburg Gate was
covered with a giant rainbow-colored net made of 100,000 streamers, many
with messages of love and peace, created by American artist Patrick Shearn.
Elsewhere in the city, images and video of the events
around the Nov. 9, 1989 fall of the wall were projected onto buildings.
In the once-divided town of Moedlareuth, auto
enthusiasts re-enacted the moment when East Germans first cross the border
in their modest 'Trabi' cars to the cheers of welcoming West Germans.
650 seats, 46 million voters: The UK election in numbers
Prime Minister Boris Johnson visits an optician shop after flooding, in
Matlock, north England, Friday Nov. 8, 2019. A woman died after being swept
away by surging waters as torrential rain drenched parts of north and
central England, swelling rivers, forcing evacuations and disrupting travel
for a second day Friday.(Danny Lawson/PA via AP)
leader Jeremy Corbyn and Shadow Education Secretary Angela Rayner during a
visit to the Scrap Creative Reuse Arts Project while on the General Election
campaign trail in Leeds, England, Saturday, Nov. 9, 2019. British political
leaders are swapping blame over floods that have drenched parts of England
as the deluge becomes an issue in the campaign for the Dec. 12 election.
(Nigel Roddis/PA via AP)
Liberal Democrats leader Jo Swinson makes a speech at a rally at the
Battersea Arts Centre in Lavender Hill, while on the General Election
campaign trail in London, Saturday, Nov. 9, 2019. Britain goes to the polls
on Dec. 12. (Aaron Chown/PA via AP)
By JILL LAWLESS
LONDON (AP) — There's just over a month to go until
Britain's Dec. 12 election, and the country's political parties are battling
over funding promises, policy priorities and Brexit plans.
Here is a look at some key numbers in an election that
could determine not only who governs Britain, but when, how — or even
whether — the country leaves the European Union:
46 million: The number of eligible voters in the
650: The number of seats in the House of
Commons, all up for grabs in the election. Any party that wins a majority —
or becomes the largest party, even without a majority — can form a
government, with its leader as prime minister.
298: The number of seats held before the
election by Prime Minister Boris Johnson's ruling Conservatives — more than
20 short of a majority. The government's lack of a majority meant it
struggled to pass key measures needed for Britain to leave the European
243: The number of seats held by the
left-of-center opposition Labour Party, which is battling to return to
office for the first time since 2010. Labour plans to downplay Brexit and
focus on health care, education and social welfare, which all saw funding
cuts under Conservative governments.
96: The number of years since Britain last had a
December election. British elections are usually held in the late spring,
when the weather is better and the days are longer.
82: The number of days until Britain is due to leave
the EU. Brexit day was supposed to be Oct. 31, but with Britain's
politicians deadlocked, the EU granted a three-month delay until Jan. 31.
72: The number of lawmakers not running for
re-election amid Britain's toxic political atmosphere. Politicians on both
sides of the Brexit argument have received abuse and threats. Those leaving
include many moderate pro-EU Conservatives, Labour legislators who say their
party has not stamped out anti-Semitism and high-profile female legislators,
who have received a disproportionate amount of abuse.
42.8%: The portion of political parties'
campaign spending that went to digital advertising during the last election
in 2017 — up from just 0.3% in 2011. It's expected to be even more this
35: The number of seats in Parliament held by the
Scottish National Party, which opposes Brexit and wants Scotland to leave
the U.K. and become an independent country.
20: The number of seats held in Parliament by
the pro-EU Liberal Democrats, who want to cancel Brexit altogether.
19.5 million pounds ($25 million): The maximum a
party can spend on advertising, campaigning costs and other expenses if it
contests all 650 constituencies across the U.K. The spending limit is
calculated at 30,000 pounds ($38,650) per seat.
9: The number of years the Conservative Party
has been in power.
3: Number of televised debates that Johnson and
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn have agreed to take part in. The Liberal
Democrats are angry that their leader, Jo Swinson, has only been invited to
one of them.
0: The number of seats in Parliament now held by
the recently formed Brexit Party, which wants to leave the EU without a
divorce deal. The party, led by Nigel Farage, plans to run hundreds of
candidates in the Dec. 12 election.
Hong Kong protesters blame police after student dies in fall
A protester holds up a photo of Chow Tsz-Lok as they
disrupt a graduation ceremony at the University of Science and Technology in
Hong Kong on Friday, Nov. 8, 2019. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
By EILEEN NG
HONG KONG (AP) — A Hong Kong
university student who fell off a parking garage after police fired tear gas
during clashes with anti-government protesters died Friday in a rare
fatality after five months of unrest, fueling more outrage against
authorities in the semi-autonomous Chinese territory.
The Hospital Authority said the
22-year-old died Friday morning, but didn't provide further details.
Some 1,000 masked protesters marched
through the busy central district at lunchtime, chanting "Disband the police
force," ''Hong Kong people, revenge" and "A blood debt must be paid in
blood." Some carried white flowers and placards that read "Hong Kong is a
Protesters demanded justice for Chow
Tsz-Lok and hurled abuse at several police officials on site, calling them
"His death is a reminder to us that
we cannot give up," one protester said on local television.
Although the cause of his fall has
not been determined, it deepened anger against police, who have been accused
of heavy-handed tactics including widespread use of tear gas and pepper
spray since protests demanding democratic reforms started in June.
Local media reported that Chow has
been in a coma with brain injury since he was found early Monday sprawled in
a pool of blood on the second floor of the building. Police believed he
plunged from an upper floor but it wasn't captured by security cameras.
Minutes earlier, television footage
showed riot police firing tear gas at the building after objects were hurled
down at the officers in the street when they chased off a mob. Police didn't
rule out the possibility he was fleeing from tear gas but noted officers
fired from a distance. Police also denied claims that officers pushed the
victim down and had delayed emergency services.
The government expressed "great
sorrow and regret" over Chow's death despite undergoing surgery and
"The police have stated earlier that
they attach great importance to the incident and the crime unit is now
conducting a comprehensive investigation with a view to finding out what
happened," it said in a statement.
There have been only few fatalities
amid the unrest, with previous reports of deaths by suicide and a man who
fell to his death while hanging pro-democracy banners on a building. Last
month, two teens were injured after police fired their guns in self-defense
in separate incidents but both recovered.
Prominent youth activist Joshua Wong
said Chow's death made protesters' demands for an investigation into police
conduct more crucial than ever.
"Reforming the Hong Kong police
force has become a big demand in the society. Obviously, the Hong Kong
police force has to be accountable for Chow's death," he told reporters
outside a court. Wong was charged in August with organizing an illegal
At the University of Science and
Technology, Chow's schoolmates staged rallies this week and on Thursday
disrupted a graduation ceremony. The university president dabbed away tears
as he announced Chow's "tragic" death Friday on the second day of the
convocation, with the audience standing to observe a moment of silence.
The ceremony was cut short, and
black-clad masked students turned the stage into a memorial for Chow. White
flowers were laid below the stage as students announced plans to boycott
class for a week and demanded the truth in Chow's death.
The student union said they would
hold another vigil in the evening while the university urged students to
stay calm to "avoid further clashes and tragedy."
Calls also emerged online for other
memorial events Friday to mourn Chow in multiple locations including at the
suburban garage where he fell. Protesters have been urged to dress in all
black and wear masks to remember Chow. More rallies can be expected over the
The protests were sparked by a
now-shelved extradition bill to mainland China that many sees as Beijing's
creeping interference on legal and other rights guaranteed to Hong Kong when
the former British colony returned under Chinese rule in 1997. The movement
has since expanded to include other demands, including direct elections for
the city's leaders.
The city's embattled leader Carrie
Lam has refused to budge and provoked more anger last month by invoking
emergency powers to ban the wearing of facial coverings at rallies. More
than 3,300 people have been arrested and Beijing has indicated it may
tighten its grip to quell the unrest.
Thailand set to hinder Cambodian opposition's return plans
Cambodia's ambassador to Indonesia Hor Nambora, left,
interrupts the press conference held by Mu Sochua, right, Vice President of
the Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) and Executive Director Kurawal
Foundation Darnawan Triwibowo, center, in Jakarta Indonesia, Wednesday, Nov.
6, 2019. (AP Photo/Achmad Ibrahim)
By GRANT PECK
and PREEYAPA T. KHUNSONG Associated Press
BANGKOK (AP) — Plans by
self-exiled leaders of Cambodia's banned opposition party to return to their
homeland hit a major roadblock Wednesday when Thailand's prime minister said
their top leader would not be allowed in to make his way through the country
to the Cambodian border.
Leaders of the Cambodia National
Rescue Party have vowed to return home on Saturday despite efforts by their
government to thwart them. They are led by party co-founder Sam Rainsy, who
has been in exile since 2015 to avoid serving a prison term on charges that
he says are politically motivated.
The opposition politicians had said
they hoped to return accompanied by a mass of followers, including from the
huge community of Cambodian migrant workers in Thailand. They say they seek
to spark a popular movement to oust long-serving Prime Minister Hun Sen, an
autocratic leader who has clamped down on his opponents and demolished
Sam Rainsy said that he was shocked
and disappointed by Thailand's position, but that he would still try to
carry out the plan to return.
"I don't give up. I will try to the
last minute. I think no one should stand with Hun Sen — he is a dictator,"
the 70-year-old politician, who maintains dual Cambodian and French
citizenship, told The Associated Press by phone from Paris.
Thai Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha
told reporters that in keeping with the agreement of member countries of the
Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, not to interfere in each
other's domestic affairs, he has given an order that no resistance
organization will be allowed to operate on Thai territory.
"So, he won't be able to enter
Thailand," Prayuth said, referring to Sam Rainsy.
The Cambodia National Rescue Party
was dissolved by court order in late 2017, allowing Hun Sen's ruling
Cambodian People's Party to sweep a 2018 general election. Cambodian courts
are widely considered to be under the influence of the government, which
employs the law to harass its opponents.
Hun Sen's government has barred the
opposition politicians' return, alerting airlines that they would be turned
back, and also conveyed its position to neighboring countries. Cambodian
security forces have been put on high alert and scores of opposition
supporters have been detained.
Officials have repeatedly warned
that if the opposition leaders did make it into Cambodia, they would
immediately be arrested. Most if not all have convictions or charges pending
against them, including inciting armed rebellion despite their avowedly
Cambodia's ambassador to Indonesia
on Wednesday had a face-to-face confrontation with a top opposition
politician who was holding a news conference at a hotel in Jakarta,
Indonesia's capital, to explain the returnees' plans.
Ambassador Hor Nambora barged into
the news conference and spoke in front of the assembled journalists as
Cambodia National Rescue Party vice president Mu Sochua sat waiting to
speak. The envoy described the opposition politicians as fugitives and
criminals, and accused Mu Sochua of trying to mislead Indonesian immigration
authorities into thinking she was only a tourist by using her American
passport. She holds dual Cambodian and U.S. citizenship.
Hor Nambora did not further disturb
the proceedings, though he paced at the front of the conference room as Mu
Sochua spoke. As he left, he apologized to journalists for any disruption,
but reiterated that Cambodian courts had ruled against the opposition
"We are risking our lives, we will
go to Cambodia empty-handed with bare hands," Mu Sochua told the news
conference, which was also attended by Indonesian activists. "Returning home
for democracy in Cambodia, it's not a revolution, it's not a coup d'etat."
"We have asked neighboring countries
to permit us safe passage to Cambodia and to have free movement when we are
in Cambodia," she said. "We have been asking governments all around the
world to witness our return to our nation, our homeland, with good
intentions and totally transparent."
After the news conference, the
Cambodian Embassy in Jakarta issued a press release saying that Mu Sochua
was a fugitive from the law because a Cambodian court on Oct. 2 had issued
an arrest warrant against her for her allegedly seeking to overthrow a
legally elected government.
"It is unfortunate that Indonesia, a
fellow member state of ASEAN, allows Ms. Mu Sochua to enter in Indonesia
despite of her arrest warrant and conduct anti Cambodian activities in
Jakarta," it said.
The statement said the embassy
"requests Indonesian authorities to arrest Ms. Mu Sochua and deport her to
Cambodia immediately in the true spirit of ASEAN."
It also mentioned that Malaysia,
another ASEAN member, had stopped and detained two youth activists with the
Cambodia National Rescue Party as they sought to board a flight to Thailand.
The decision of Thailand to bar
entry to Sam Rainsy was foreshadowed late last month when immigration
officials turned Mu Sochua back on arrival at Bangkok's international
airport, saying she was on a blacklist.
The embassy statement described that
action as being "in true ASEAN spirit."
US official says Moon-Abe meeting was 'encouraging sign'
David Stilwell, left, U.S.
assistant secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, and his South Korean
counterpart Cho Sei-young pose for photos during their meeting at the
Foreign Ministry in Seoul, South Korea, Wednesday, Nov. 6, 2019. (Heo
Ran/Pool Photo via AP)
By KIM TONG-HYUNG Associated Press
SEOUL, South Korea (AP)) —
A senior U.S. official said Wednesday an unexpected meeting this week
between the leaders of South Korea and Japan was an "encouraging sign" that
the Asian U.S. allies are on track to improve a relationship strained by
deep disagreements over trade and history.
David Stilwell, U.S. assistant
secretary of state for East Asia and the Pacific, spoke while visiting South
Korea weeks before the expiration of a military intelligence-sharing
agreement between Seoul and Tokyo. The Trump administration been pressuring
its allies to keep the deal, which symbolizes the countries' trilateral
security cooperation with Washington in face of the North Korean nuclear
threat and China's growing influence.
On Monday, South Korean President
Moon Jae-in initiated an 11-minute meeting with Japanese Prime Minister
Shinzo Abe on the sidelines of a regional forum in Thailand, the latest step
taken by Seoul to deescalate the feud with the deadline on the military
"President Moon and Prime
Minister Abe had the opportunity to talk and that's an encouraging sign as
we watched the relationship improve," Stilwell told reporters after a
meeting with South Korean Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha.
Seoul's Foreign Ministry said in
a statement that during her talks with Stilwell and Keith Krach, U.S.
undersecretary of state for economic growth, energy and the environment,
Kang explained South Korean efforts to find "rational solutions" through
dialogue over the issues with Japan.
Stilwell also met with Kim Hyun-chong,
deputy chief of South Korea's presidential National Security Office, and
they had "constructive and future-oriented" talks over the Seoul-Tokyo
military pact and ongoing negotiations between Washington and Seoul on
sharing the costs for keeping U.S. troops in South Korea, the presidential
Blue House said. South Korean and U.S. officials didn't share the specifics
of their discussions.
In recent months, Seoul and Tokyo
have seen their relations sink to a low unseen in decades.
Japan has denounced South Korean
court rulings calling for Japanese companies to offer reparations to aging
South Korean plaintiffs for their World War II forced labor, insisting that
all compensation matters were settled when the two countries normalized
relations under a 1965 treaty.
South Korea accused Tokyo of
ignoring the suffering of South Koreans under Japan's brutal colonial rule
of Korea from 1910 to 1945 and furiously reacted to Japanese moves to
tighten controls on key technology exports to the country and downgrade its
The dispute spilled over to
security issues, with Seoul saying it plans to terminate the military
agreement with Tokyo. Following an angry reaction from the Trump
administration, Seoul said it could reconsider its decision to end the
military agreement if Japan relists South Korea as a favored trade partner.
The pact will expire in late November.
Monday's meeting between Moon and
Abe was their first since they held a summit on the sidelines of the U.N.
General Assembly in September 2018..
Standing tall: Scientists find oldest example of upright ape
A man holds bones of the previously unknown primate
species Danuvius guggenmosi in his hand in Tuebingen, Oct.17, 2019.
Palaeontologists have discovered fossils in southern Germany that shed new
light on the development of the upright corridor. (AP Photo/Christoph
BERLIN (AP) — The remains of
an ancient ape found in a Bavarian clay pit suggest that humans' ancestors
began standing upright millions of years earlier than previously thought,
scientists said Wednesday.
An international team of researchers
says the fossilized partial skeleton of a male ape that lived almost 12
million years ago in the humid forests of what is now southern Germany bears
a striking resemblance to modern human bones. In a paper published by the
journal Nature, they concluded that the previously unknown species — named
Danuvius guggenmosi — could walk on two legs but also climb like an ape.
The findings "raise fundamental
questions about our previous understanding of the evolution of the great
apes and humans," said Madelaine Boehme of the University of Tuebingen,
Germany, who led the research.
The question of when apes evolved
bipedal motion has fascinated scientists since Charles Darwin first argued
that they were the ancestors of humans. Previous fossil records of apes with
an upright gait — found in Crete and Kenya — dated only as far back as 6
million years ago.
Boehme, along with researchers from
Bulgaria, Germany, Canada and the United States, examined more than 15,000
bones recovered from a trove of archaeological remains known as the
Hammerschmiede, or Hammer Smithy, about 70 kilometers (44 miles) west of the
Germany city of Munich.
Among the remains they were able to
piece together were primate fossils belonging to four individuals that lived
11.62 million years ago. The most complete, an adult male, likely stood
about 1 meter (3 feet, 4 inches) tall, weighed 31 kilograms (68 pounds) and
looked similar to modern-day bonobos, a species of chimpanzee.
"It was astonishing for us to
realize how similar certain bones are to humans, as opposed to great apes,"
Thanks to several well-preserved
vertebra, limb, finger and toe bones, the scientists were able to
reconstruct how Danuvius moved, concluding that while it would have been
able to hang from branches by his arms, it could also straighten its legs to
"This changes our view of early
human evolution, which is that it all happened in Africa," Boehme told The
Associated Press in an interview.
Like humans, Danuvius had an
S-shaped spine to hold its body upright while standing. Unlike humans,
though, it had a powerful, opposable big toe that would have allowed it to
grab branches with its foot and safely walk through the treetops.
Fred Spoor, a paleontologist at the
Natural History Museum in London, called the fossil finds "fantastic" but
said they would likely be the subject of much debate, not least because they
could challenge many existing ideas about evolution.
"I can see that there will be a lot
of agonizing and re-analysis of what these fossils mean," said Spoor, who
wasn't involved in the study..
A CGI James Dean is cast in new film, sparking an outcry
This May 27, 2005 file photo shows plants and flowers at
the grave of actor James Dean in Fairmount, Ind. Dean hasn’t been alive in
64 years, but the “Rebel Without a Cause” actor has been cast in a new film
about the Vietnam War. The filmmakers behind the independent film “Finding
Jack” said Wednesday that a computer-generated Dean will play a co-starring
role in the upcoming production. The digital Dean is to be assembled through
old footage and photos and voiced by another actor. (AP Photo/John Harrell,
By JAKE COYLEE
NEW YORK (AP) — James Dean
hasn't been alive in 64 years, but the "Rebel Without a Cause" actor has
been cast in a new film about the Vietnam War.
The filmmakers behind the
independent film "Finding Jack" said Wednesday that a computer-generated
Dean will play a co-starring role in the upcoming production. The digital
Dean is to be assembled through old footage and photos and voiced by another
Digitally manipulated posthumous
performances have made some inroads into films. But those have been largely
roles the actors already played, including Carrie Fisher and Peter Cushing,
who first appeared together in "Star Wars" and were prominently featured in
the 2016 spinoff "Rogue One."
But the prospect of one of the
movies' most beloved former stars being digitally resurrected was met with
widespread criticism after the news was first reported by The Hollywood
Reporter . Chris Evans, the "Captain America" actor, was among those who
called the plans disrespectful and wrongheaded..
"Maybe we can get a computer to
paint us a new Picasso. Or write a couple new John Lennon tunes," said Evans
on Twitter. "The complete lack of understanding here is shameful."
Rights to Dean's likeness were
acquired by the filmmakers and the production company Magic City Films
through CMG Worldwide. The company represents Dean's family along with the
intellectual property rights associated with many other deceased
personalities including Neil Armstrong, Bette Davis and Burt Reynolds.
Mark Roesler, chairman and chief
executive of CMG, defended the usage of Dean and said the company has
represented his family for decades. Noting that Dean has more than 183,000
followers on Instagram, Roesler said he still resonates today.
"James Dean was known as Hollywood's
'rebel' and he famously said 'if a man can bridge the gap between life and
death, if he can live after he's died, then maybe he was a great man.
Immortality is the only true success,'" said Roesler. "What was considered
rebellious in the '50s is very different than what is rebellious today, and
we feel confident that he would support this modern day act of rebellion."
Adapted from Gareth Crocker's novel,
"Finding Jack" is a live-action movie about the U.S. military's abandonment
of canine units following the Vietnam War. Directors Anton Ernst and Tati
Golykh are to begin shooting Nov. 17. In an email, Ernst said they
"tremendously" respect Dean's legacy.
"The movie subject matter is one of
hope and love, and he is still relevant like the theme of the film we are
portraying," said Ernst. "There is still a lot of James Dean fans worldwide
who would love to see their favorite icon back on screen. There would always
be critics, and all we can do is tell a great story with humanity and
Dean had just three leading roles
before he died in a car crash in 1955 at the age of 24: "Rebel Without a
Cause," ''East of Eden" and "Giant.";
Moon, Abe meet briefly, agree to more talks to settle row
In this photo provided by
South Korea Presidential Blue House, South Korean President Moon Jae-in,
center right, talks with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, center left,
ahead of the ASEAN+3 Summit in Nonthaburi, Thailand, Monday, Nov. 4, 2019.
(South Korea Presidential Blue House via AP)
By KIM TONG-HYUNG
SEOUL, South Korea (AP) — South
Korean President Moon Jae-in and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe met
one-on-one Monday for the first time in more than a year and called for more
dialogue between the countries to settle a deep dispute over trade and
Seoul's presidential Blue House said
Moon talked with Abe for 11 minutes on the sidelines of a regional summit in
Thailand where they "agreed to the importance of South Korea-Japan relations
and reaffirmed the principle of resolving pending bilateral issues through
Moon proposed high-level talks and
Abe in response said the countries should exhaust "every possible method" to
settle the dispute, Blue House spokeswoman Ko Min-jung said.
"It was the first meeting between
the leaders in a very long time, so we hope that the dialogue would pave way
(for an improvement) in South Korea-Japan relations," Ko said at a news
The two U.S. allies in past months
have seen their relations sink to a low unseen in decades.
Japan has denounced South Korean
court rulings calling for Japanese companies to offer reparations to aging
South Korean plaintiffs for their World War II forced labor, insisting that
all compensation matters were settled when the two countries normalized
relations under a 1965 treaty.
South Korea accused Tokyo of
ignoring the suffering of South Koreans under Japan's brutal colonial rule
of Korea from 1910 to 1945 and furiously reacted to Japanese moves to
tighten controls on key technology exports to the country and downgrade its
Ko avoided a specific answer when
asked whether the leaders were able to narrow their differences over wartime
history. Japanese broadcaster NHK said that during his meeting with Moon,
Abe repeated Tokyo's stance that Seoul abide by the 1965 agreement regarding
the issue of compensating forced laborers.
The dispute has spilled over to
security issues, with Seoul saying it plans to terminate a military
intelligence-sharing pact with Tokyo that symbolized their three-way
security cooperation with Washington in face of the North Korean nuclear
threat and China's growing regional influence.
Following an angry reaction from the
Trump administration, Seoul said it could reconsider its decision to end the
military agreement if Japan relists South Korea as a favored trade partner.
The pact, known as the general security of military information agreement,
or GSOMIA, will expire in late November.
Monday's meeting between Moon and
Abe was their first since they held a summit on the sidelines of the U.N.
General Assembly in September 2018. Abe passed up a chance for a meeting
when Moon visited Osaka, Japan, for the Group of 20 events in June, weeks
before his government announced strengthened export controls on certain
chemicals South Korean companies use to produce computer chips and
In recent weeks, South Korea has
taken steps to de-escalate the feud, apparently because the deadline is
approaching on the military agreement. Moon sent Prime Minster Lee Nak-yon,
Seoul's No. 2, to Tokyo last month to attend Emperor Naruhito's enthronement
ceremonies and propose more diplomatic efforts between the countries.
UN chief urges Myanmar to resolve Rohingya crisis
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres speaks
during a press conference at The Association of Southeast Asian Nations
(ASEAN) summit in Nonthaburi, Thailand, Sunday, Nov. 3, 2019. (AP Photo/Aijaz
By PREEYAPA T.
KHUNSONG and GRANT PECK Associated Press
NONTHABURI, Thailand (AP) —
U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres expressed concern Sunday over the
plight of the 730,000 Muslim Rohingya refugees from Myanmar's Rakhine state,
calling on Myanmar's government to take responsibility by dealing with the
"root causes" of their flight to Bangladesh and working toward their safe
Guterres spoke as he held a meeting
with leaders of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, to which Myanmar
belongs. ASEAN leaders meet annually to try to work out common positions on
pressing issues, but also maintain a policy of noninterference in each
The ASEAN ministers' chairman
statement, released by host Thailand summarizing the consensus positions of
the group, accentuated the positive in suggesting how to deal with the
Rakhine crisis, without directly acknowledging the major problems of
Bangladesh hosting such a vast number of refugees and the hurdles in sending
The statement pointed out the
various agreements already agreed upon involving repatriation while
reiterating "the need to find a comprehensive and durable solution to
address the root causes of the conflict and to create a conducive
environment so that the affected communities can rebuild their lives."t;
Its words partially echoed those of
Guterres, who earlier said he remains "deeply concerned about the situation
in Myanmar, including Rakhine state, and the plight of the massive number of
refugees still living increasingly in difficult conditions."
"It remains, of course, Myanmar's
responsibility to address the root causes and ensure a conducive environment
for the safe, voluntary, dignified and sustainable repatriation of refugees
to Rakhine state, in accordance with international norms and standards," he
Guterres said Myanmar should take
measures "to facilitate dialogue with refugees and pursue confidence
building measures" and "to ensure humanitarian actors have full and
unfettered access to areas of return, as well as communities in need."
ASEAN members' attitudes toward the
Rakhine crisis vary. While most of the group's 10 countries are content to
honor the organization's principle of noninterference in each other's
affairs, Malaysia and Indonesia, which have Muslim-majority populations,
would prefer ASEAN take a more proactive position in ensuring just treatment
of the Rohingya. ASEAN's active involvement is mostly limited to helping
with humanitarian aid.
The Rohingya fled to Bangladesh
after Myanmar's military began a harsh counterinsurgency campaign against
them in August 2017 in response to an attack by a fringe group of Rohingya
U.N. investigators and human rights
groups say Myanmar security forces carried out mass rapes, killings and
burning of Rohingya homes, for which they could be charged with ethnic
cleansing, or even genocide.
In September, a special U.N.
fact-finding mission urged that Myanmar be held responsible in international
legal forums for alleged genocide against its Muslim Rohingya minority.
The ASEAN chairman's statement said
the regional group expects an investigative commission established by
Myanmar's government to carry out "an independent and impartial
investigation into alleged human rights violations and related issues." U.N.
experts and independent human rights groups dismiss the possibility that the
commission could conduct a fair investigation, noting that some members are
considered to be biased in favor of the military.
The Rohingya have been harshly
discriminated against, even though many have been settled in Myanmar for
generations. Many in Myanmar consider them illegal immigrants from
Bangladesh, and they have largely been denied citizenship and most of its
Myanmar refuses to call the Rohingya
by their self-chosen name, and instead refers to them as Bengalis. Guterres
in his statement avoided using either term, though the details and context
made clear he was talking about the Rohingya.
Although Myanmar and Bangladesh have
a formal agreement to repatriate the refugees, none have officially
returned, fearing for their safety. Rights groups say Myanmar has neither
made adequate arrangements for their return nor set up a process ensuring
they will have full civil rights.
Guterres also spoke about the urgent
need for measures to cope with climate change, a subject that has become his
Cambodian opposition chief readies return from exile
In this Nov. 4, 2019, photo,
Cambodian opposition politician Sam Rainsy speaks during an interview in
front of the European Parliament in Brussels. Rainsy, co-founder of the
Cambodia National Rescue Party, told The Associated Press he hopes his
planned return Saturday will trigger a People's Power-style movement to
force Prime Minister Hun Sen from office. (AP Photo/Virginia Mayo)
ELTOUNI and JERRY HARMER
BRUSSELS (AP) — Cambodia's
most prominent opposition politician says he's ready to risk imprisonment or
death by returning to his country from self-imposed exile to unseat the
country's longtime ruler.
Sam Rainsy, co-founder of the
Cambodia National Rescue Party, told The Associated Press that he hopes his
planned return on Saturday will trigger a nonviolent People's Power-style
mass movement to force Prime Minister Hun Sen from office.
"I expect to bring about a
democratic change, meaning to put an end to the current regime, which is a
brutal dictatorship," he said in an interview Monday in Brussels, where he
was seeking support from European Parliament lawmakers.s.
He said he plans to jet back to Asia
from Brussels and prepare to cross into Cambodia from a neighboring country
on Saturday, which is Cambodia's Independence Day.
The plan is fraught with jeopardy.
If he should succeed in entering his country, prison is a near certainty for
him. According to the Justice Ministry, Sam Rainsy has convictions on six
offenses — including the criminal libel charge that caused him to go into
exile in 2015 to avoid serving a two-year prison sentence — and at least
eight other cases are pending. He and several colleagues face charges of
armed rebellion for their return plan, which could earn them prison terms of
In 1997, Sam Rainsy survived an
assassination attempt when grenades were tossed at a small rally he was
leading in the center of Phnom Penh, Cambodia's capital. At least 16 people
were killed and scores were wounded.
"We have to take the risk. I have
assessed those risks and they are worth taking, worth taking because the
Cambodian people have been suffering for a long time, so we have to try to
put an end to the sufferings," he said.
Sam Rainsy's party was touted as
posing a threat to Hun Sen's ruling Cambodian People's Party in last year's
general election, but it was dissolved ahead of the polls by the courts,
which are viewed as doing the government's bidding. In the 2013 election,
his party won almost half the seats in the National Assembly. Huge crowds
came out in support when he claimed fraud had robbed his party of victory.
The same late 2017 crackdown that
shut down his party and resulted in its lawmakers tossed out of Parliament
also closed virtually all critical media outlets and saw the opposition
party's co-founder, Kem Sokha, arrested on a charge of treason for having
links with an American democracy promotion organization. Other leading party
members fled the country.
Hun Sen has maintained his position
of prime minister for almost 35 years with a mix of wile and ruthlessness,
and has publicly stated his intention to stay in office for two more
five-year terms. Sam Rainsy has been a thorn in his sides for decades.
Hun Sen is taking no chances with
his arch-enemy's intended return, keeping up a drumbeat of invectives and
threats. Local media have reported the strengthening of military forces at
Cambodia's borders, showing photos of marching troops.
Even if Sam Rainsy does manage to
return, there are questions about whether he could lead a popular uprising.
Hun Sen biographer Sebastian
Strangio says while there is a desire for change, people have learned from
bitter experience not to challenge Hun Sen and his Cambodian People's Party,
"I think the threat to the CPP is
real. The question of whether the people would rise en masse at the first,
as Sam Rainsy plants his foot on Cambodian soil for the first time in four
years, remains much more of an open question," Strangio said.
"I think people in Cambodia know
that Hun Sen has a track record of using force to shape the political
realities to his liking and he will not hesitate to use force if he thinks
his hold on power is threatened," he said.
But the situation might not arise.
Cambodian officials have said they have told neighboring countries — all
fellow members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations — that Sam
Rainsy is unwelcome and should not be allowed to cross the border into
Last week, immigration police in
Thailand deported the opposition party's vice president, Mu Sochua, when she
arrived at Bangkok's international airport. She is one of several colleagues
who are planning to return with Sam Rainsy, despite Cambodia's government
also declaring them unwelcome.
Cambodian aviation authorities said
they ordered airlines with flights into the country not to carry Sam Rainsy
or his colleagues.
Nonetheless, Sam Rainsy insisted he
is going ahead.
"This may be the last time you see
me alive or as a free man," he said. "Because in a few days I may be dead, I
may be put in jail, so while I am a free man I want to express my conviction
that democracy will prevail."t;
EU's Barnier warns of tough times ahead on UK trade deal
European Union chief Brexit
negotiator Michel Barnier rides an escalator on his way to a meeting about
Brexit outside the EU headquarters in Brussels, Friday, Oct. 25, 2019.
European Union ambassadors are meeting in Brussels Friday to discuss what
kind of extension to the Brexit deadline they could propose to Britain. (AP
By RAF CASERT and BARRY HATTON
LISBON, Portugal (AP) —
European Union Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier on Tuesday drew the battle
lines for the upcoming free trade talks with the U.K. once it has left the
bloc and warned Britain not to undercut EU standards.
Barnier said the trade talks after
Britain leaves as expected on Jan. 31 might be as tough as the long-running
Brexit divorce negotiations, which have consumed much of the last three
years. He said whatever trade agreement emerges, it will cost U.K.
businesses, since they would now be outside the 28-nation bloc.
Currently, there is seamless trade
and zero tariffs under common regulations since the U.K. is part of the EU
and has unfettered access to a market of almost half a billion consumers.
With its Brexit departure, the U.K.
hopes to maintain as much access as possible to that wealthy market while at
the same time be free to revamp its whole economy, unshackled from EU rules
Barnier's message was clear — there
is no way that will happen.
In the EU, there are fears that
Britain will transform itself into a low-regulation economy that would
undercut stringent EU social, environmental and other standards.
Barnier warned that "the U.K. should
not think that zero tariffs, zero quotas will be enough. The EU will insist
on zero tariffs, zero quotas and zero dumping."
"There will be more economic
competition — OK — between the EU and the U.K., and that is normal. But the
EU will not tolerate unfair competitive advantage," he warned at the Web
Summit in Lisbon.
Outgoing British Prime Minister
Boris Johnson has insisted he wants a "best-in-class" free trade agreement,
which comes down to the best trade deal that still allows the U.K. to
diverge from EU standards, and potentially head to a U.S.-style low
The EU definition of "best" is
different, Barnier said.
"For us, it means a free trade
agreement whose aim is not only economic and financial profit with zero
tariffs and zero quotas but which is also in the interest of the people,
their environmental and living standards," he said.
Current plans call for Britain to
leave the bloc on Jan. 31 and end a transitional trade period as soon as
the end of 2020. Considering that major international trade deals can often
take over half a decade to clinch, that seems a precipitously short time.
Barnier told the Web Summit that by
next summer, it will be clear if the Brexit trade transition period will
have to be extended beyond the end of next year.
Lindsay Hoyle chosen to replace Bercow as UK Commons speaker
image made from video, Lindsay Hoyle, center, is dragged to the speaker's
chair after being voted the new Speaker of the House of Commons, in London,
Monday, Nov. 4, 2019. (House of Commons via AP)
By JILL LAWLESS Associated Press
LONDON (AP) — Long-serving Labour Party lawmaker
Lindsay Hoyle was elected speaker of Britain's House of Commons on Monday,
taking up the job with a clear message: I'm not John Bercow.
Hoyle was chosen by lawmakers from among seven
candidates to replace the influential but contentious Bercow. Bercow retired
last week after a decade as speaker that saw him become a central player in
Britain's Brexit drama.
Hoyle took 325 of the 540 votes in a runoff with Labour
colleague Chris Bryant after the seven-member field was winnowed down in
three previous voting rounds.
After his election, Hoyle was dragged to the speaker's
chair by colleagues with a show of reluctance — a tradition dating back to
the days when speakers could be sentenced to death if they displeased the
He vowed to bring a change of tone and temperament to a
political system that has been strained by Brexit; to restore Parliament's
battered reputation and to be "neutral" and "transparent."
Hoyle remarked that lawmakers have "got to make sure
that tarnish is polished away."
He said the House of Commons will change, "but it will
change for the better."
Hoyle, 62, was elected to Parliament in 1997, has
served as one of the three deputy speakers since 2010 and is widely popular
and respected by colleagues. Like Bercow, he will run the daily business of
With his northern English accent and blunt manner,
Hoyle has a contrasting style to the verbose Bercow. And he is likely to
adopt a more cautious approach than that taken by Bercow, who prided himself
on making the government answer to Parliament and became a thorn in the side
of the Conservative administration.
The speaker is supposed to be an impartial arbiter of
Parliament's rules, but critics accused Bercow of favoring anti-Brexit
politicians at the expense of those supporting Britain's departure from the
As Parliament wrangled angrily for months over Brexit,
Bercow became a celebrity around the world with his garish ties, bellowed
calls of "Or-derrr!" and sharp-tongued rebukes to noisy lawmakers "chuntering
from a sedentary position."
Bercow denied Brexit bias, but clashed with the
government, and strongly opposed Prime Minister Boris Johnson's attempt to
suspend Parliament for five weeks as an Oct. 31 Brexit deadline approached.
The U.K. Supreme Court overturned Johnson's shutdown.
Bercow also interpreted Parliament's rules in ways that
let lawmakers direct the government's hand at key moments. One such move
forced Johnson to ask the EU to delay Brexit until Jan. 31, the current
The new speaker is set to oversee months more of
high-stakes debate and votes over Brexit.
Conservative lawmaker Charles Walker, who backed Hoyle,
said he hoped the new speaker would bring "a period of calm and reflection."
Johnson, the prime minister, told Hoyle in the House of
Commons that he was sure the new speaker would bring his "signature kindness
and reasonableness to our proceedings, and thereby ... help to bring us
together as a Parliament and a democracy."
Four of the speaker candidates were women — Eleanor
Laing, Rosie Winterton, Harriet Harman and Meg Hillier — but the winner was
a man, just like all but one of his 157 predecessors.
Betty Boothroyd, who served from 1992 to 2000, is the
only female speaker in U.K. House of Commons history.
The selection of a new speaker came a day before
Parliament was to be dissolved for a Dec. 12 national election in which all
650 seats in the House of Commons are up for grabs. Johnson's Conservatives
are hoping to win a majority that could unblock Britain's political deadlock
and let Johnson fulfill his pledge to take Britain out of the EU.
The opposition left-of-center Labour Party is trying to
shift the campaign's focus from Brexit to domestic political issues such as
schools, health care and Britain's social inequities.
The centrist Liberal Democrats, who want to cancel
Brexit, and the single-issue Brexit Party, which favors a no-deal exit from
the bloc, are battling for British voters with strong views on whether the
U.K. should quit the 28-nation EU.
30 years after Berlin Wall fell, East-West divides remain
Nov. 11, 1989, file photo a Trabant car, made in East Germany, with a
graffiti slogan 'Es lebe die Arbeiterklasse' (Shall the laboring classes
live on) is pictured driving in West Berlin, Germany, two days after the
boarder between the two Germanys was abolished. (AP Photo/File)
July 12, 1990, file photo, the body of scrapped and stripped Trabant car sit
on top of a bulky garbage container at a residential area in former East
Berlin, Germany. The former two stroke, two cylinder dream of the once
Socialist East Germany now finds itself used as art objects, but mostly is
disposed illegally at open places or just left to rot at the side of a road.
(AP Photo/Hans Werner Oertel, File)
By DAVID RISING
BERLIN (AP) — The walls of the Bornholmer Huette
pub were last painted in 1973, a light beige that has gradually cracked and
darkened into a caramel brown from decades of cigarette smoke.
The "Huette," as regulars call it, has been in Matthias
Gehrhus' family since 1954 and he doesn't plan on changing it any time soon.
Its Spartan styling recalls the days when it was a meeting place in
communist East Berlin's Prenzlauer Berg neighborhood, somewhere you'd go to
catch up with an old friend over a cheap beer.
Gehrhus, 50, was born into that world and doesn't want
it back. But he also understands the feelings of many former East Germans
that, 30 years after the Berlin Wall fell and communism collapsed, not
everything has improved.
"It was a simple life then. Today, everything's so
complicated you collapse under the weight of it, and there's always new
regulations, new rules," he said.
"There was never a problem with money," Gehrhus added,
noting that life's necessities were taken care of, even if travel abroad was
"Sure you couldn't check out the world, but in the last
30 years I still haven't checked out the rest of the world," he said.
A government report this year lauds the state of German
reunification as "an impressive success story," with per capita GDP in the
former East Germany growing from 43% of that in West Germany in 1990 to 75%
in 2018, and its unemployment rate falling from a crest of 18.7% in 2005 to
6.4% in October, not far above Germany's 5% national unemployment figure.
But the report notes many former East Germans still
perceive themselves as second-class citizens, something Chancellor Angela
Merkel, who herself grew up in East Germany, had highlighted.
"Official German reunification is complete. But the
unity of the Germans, their unity was not fully complete on Oct. 3, 1990,
and that is still the case today," she said last month. "German unity is not
a state, completed and finished, but a perpetual process."
About three months after the Nov. 9, 1989, opening of
the Berlin Wall, West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl spoke of wanting quick
German reunification — saying it could come as early as 1995, said historian
Kohl's prognosis and famous promise of "blooming
landscapes" in the East seemed optimistic to many, who found it hard to
believe that the Soviet Union — with a half-million troops in East Germany —
would let it happen easily, said Kowalczuk, whose book on reunification,
"The Takeover," was published in German this year.
In fact, reunification came just months later, as much
a shock to the 16 million East Germans as to the rest of the world.
"Nobody could imagine that unification could come so
quickly," Kowalczuk said. "Nobody in East Germany, nobody in the White
House, nobody in Downing Street, nobody in the Elysee Palace, nobody in
Bonn. Nobody could imagine that Moscow would give up its strategically most
important outpost practically overnight for peanuts."
The opening of the Berlin Wall was even more abrupt.
The first border crossing to open was on Bornholmer Strasse, only a few
hundred meters (yards) from the Bornholmer Huette pub.
Gehrhus had gone to bed early that fateful night. When
his parents woke him up to tell him what happened, he grumpily told them to
"drink a little less" and rolled back over to sleep.
The streets were empty the next morning as he rode his
motorcycle to the industrial kitchen where he worked as a cook. When he got
there, the doors were open, the lights were on and nobody was there.
"I was standing alone in the kitchen," he said. "Then
it clicked: My parents were telling me the truth."
After the Wall fell, East Germans voted for the
quickest route to unification, buoyed by dreams of freedom and prosperity.
But the rapid transition in about two years from an
industrial economy to a service economy was a shock to the system. That was
compounded by the move from a communist system, where the state covered
child care to old-age care and everything in between, to capitalism, where
people could more easily fall through the cracks.
"People thought that they would now be living in a
television commercial, in a glossy magazine, many were entirely unprepared
to accept that not everything was so shiny in the West, that there were also
problems in the West," Kowalczuk said.
Kohl's implementation of a monetary union with East
Germany — offering a one-to-one exchange rate that far overvalued the
eastern mark against its West German counterpart — also had unintended
Citizens welcomed the instant boost to their savings,
but East German companies could no longer afford wages and the market for
their largely inferior products was destroyed overnight.
That helped spark the exodus of young working people to
the West. Still today, only 16 of the country's top 500 companies by revenue
are based in the east, according to a study in Die Welt newspaper, and none
of those are on Germany's flagship stock market index, the DAX.
Gehrhus lost his kitchen job, but the end of communism
also removed bureaucratic hurdles that led to him taking over his parents'
Not everyone had such a soft landing.
Many easterners feel they have still not caught up,
with 48% of 1,029 voting age residents telling Berlin's Policy Matters
researchers in September that they're underrepresented in top political
positions — despite having an East German chancellor for 14 years. Some 60%
said they feel underrepresented in top business roles.
Many in the poll for Die Zeit newspaper recognized some
positives — 88% saw improvement in services and goods and 54% thought their
overall living standard had improved. But 73% thought their job security was
worse and 70% thought protection from crime was worse.
That discontent and other factors have made the eastern
region fertile ground for the far-right Alternative for Germany party, even
though many of its leaders are from the former West Germany. The party has
surged to strong second-place finishes in three eastern state elections this
While disparities still exist between the former East
and West, economist Stefan Legge said part of the issue with perceptions in
the East is that they're comparing themselves to the former West Germany,
Europe's economic powerhouse, rather than to Europe as a whole.
Figures from last year show all former East German
states have reached per capita income at least 75% of the European average,
while none of the Eastern European countries like Poland, Hungary and the
Czech Republic, which all joined the European Union in 2004, have reached
that level nationwide, he said.
"In Germany, the expectation was that after
reunification they would achieve some sort of parity with western Germany,
and it's still used as a benchmark," said Legge, who teaches at the
University of St. Gallen in Switzerland but is originally from western
He suggested that eastern German cities could highlight
their lower living costs to appeal to university students, helping expand
the educated workforce that startups and other companies want when seeking
"Don't give up. There's a lot that can be done, and
you've started at a pretty good level," he said.
Although Gehrhus fondly recalls some parts of East
German life, he thinks it's time for people to quit complaining.
"No matter where I live in this country, I have a roof
over my head, I have warm water and cold water from the tap. I can eat. I
can go on vacation, whether I go to work or am on welfare," he said. "We
grouse at a really high level."
Iran marks 1979 takeover of US Embassy, hostage crisis
Iranian demonstrators chant slogans as they set fire a
representation a makeshift U.S. flag during an annual rally in front of the
former U.S. Embassy in Tehran, Iran, Monday, Nov. 4, 2019. (AP Photo/Vahid
KARIMI and JON GAMBRELL
TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — Reviving
decades-old cries of "Death to America," Iran on Monday marked the 40th
anniversary of the 1979 student takeover of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and
the 444-day hostage crisis that followed as tensions remain high over the
country's collapsing nuclear deal with world powers.
Demonstrators gathered in front of
the former U.S. Embassy in downtown Tehran as state television aired footage
from other cities across the country.
"Thanks to God, today the
revolution's seedlings have evolved into a fruitful and huge tree that its
shadow has covered the entire" Middle East, said Gen. Abdolrahim Mousavi,
the commander of the Iranian army.
However, this year's commemoration
of the embassy seizure comes as Iran's regional allies in Iraq and Lebanon
face widespread protests. The Iranian Consulate in Karbala, Iraq, a holy
city for Shiites, saw a mob attack it overnight. Three protesters were
killed during the attack and 19 were wounded, along with seven policemen,
Iraqi officials said.
Associated Press video showed a fire
burned the consulate's gate as demonstrators threw gasoline bombs and
climbed its walls, some waving an Iraqi flag. Iranian media only reported a
"protest outside" of the diplomatic post, adding that things had returned to
President Donald Trump retweeted
posts by Saudi-linked media showing the chaos outside the consulate. The
violence comes after the hard-line Keyhan newspaper in Iran reiterated a
call for demonstrators to seize U.S. and Saudi diplomatic posts in Iraq in
response to the unrest.
Demonstrators at other rallies on
Monday cried: "Death to America!" and "Death to Israel!" Lawmakers in
parliament echoed those cries after approving the outline of a bill that
would include anti-American teachings in school textbooks. Others at
protests burned U.S. flag replicas and waved signs mocking Trump and
A billboard at Tehran's Vali-e-Asr
Square, used by hard-liners to highlight their political views, showed
people waving flags from around the world and cheering as an American flag
burned. A caption on it read: "We are the superpower."
Speaking in front of the former U.S.
Embassy in Tehran, Mousavi referred to America as a "scorpion" and said the
"era of imposing pressure with zero expense is over."
The U.S. is pushing for the
"surrender of Iran in a gift wrap of words like negotiation and engagement,"
the general said.
Typically, members of Iran's regular
armed forces don't speak at the embassy on the anniversary, rather civilians
and those in its paramilitary Revolutionary Guard hold speeches. Mousavi's
appearance likely represented an effort by Iran's theocratic government to
show a united front against the pressure it faces from the U.S. under Trump.
On Sunday, Iran's Supreme Leader
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei reiterated his opposition to negotiation with the
U.S., saying Tehran had outmaneuvered America in the four decades since its
What exactly led to the 1979
takeover of the embassy was obscure at the time to Americans who for months
could only watch in horror as TV newscasts showed Iranian protests at the
embassy. Popular anger against the U.S. was rooted in the 1953
CIA-engineered coup that toppled Iran's elected prime minister and cemented
the power of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
The shah, dying from cancer, fled
Iran in January 1979, paving the way for the country's Islamic Revolution.
But for months, Iran faced widespread unrest, ranging from separatist
attacks, worker revolts and internal power struggles. Police reported for
work but not for duty, allowing chaos to unfold, including for Marxist
students to briefly seize the U.S. Embassy.
In this power vacuum, then-President
Jimmy Carter allowed the shah to seek medical treatment in New York. That
lit the fuse for the Nov. 4, 1979, takeover by Islamist students, who
initially planned a sit-in at the embassy.
But the situation quickly spun out
of their control.
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the
long-exiled Shiite cleric whose return to Iran sparked the Islamic
Revolution, gave his support to the takeover. He would use that popular
angle to expand the Islamists' power.
Some hostages would be released as
the crisis unfolded, while several others who escaped the embassy and found
safety with Canada's ambassador, left Iran via a CIA-planned escape —
dramatic moments that were recounted in the 2012 film "Argo."
Another 52 American hostages would
be held for 444 days until the inauguration of President Ronald Reagan, when
they were freed.
The anniversary comes as Iran
appears poised to announce it was breaking another limit imposed by the 2015
nuclear deal, which saw Tehran limit its enrichment of uranium in exchange
for the lifting of economic sanctions. Already, Iran has gone beyond its
enrichment and stockpile limitations, and has begun using arrays of advanced
centrifuges prohibited under the accord.
Ali Akbar Salehi, the head of the
Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, reportedly traveled to the country's
Natanz enrichment facility on Monday ahead of the announcement.
The collapse of the nuclear deal
coincided with a tense summer of mysterious attacks on oil tankers and Saudi
oil facilities that the U.S. blamed on Iran. Tehran denied the allegation,
though it did seize oil tankers and shoot down a U.S. military surveillance
The U.S. has increased its military
presence across the Mideast, including basing troops in Saudi Arabia for the
first time since the aftermath of the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks. Both
Saudi Arabia and the neighboring United Arab Emirates are believed to be
talking to Tehran through back channels to ease tensions.
Iran students seize US Embassy in Tehran: Nov. 4, 1979
In this Nov.
8, 1979 file photo, one of the hostages held at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran,
Iran is shown to the crowd by Iranian students. Forty years ago on Nov. 4,
1979, Iranian students overran guards to take over the U.S. Embassy in
Tehran, starting a 444-day hostage crisis that transfixed America. (AP
By The Associated Press
EDITOR'S NOTE: On Nov. 4, 1979, Iranian students
overran guards to take over the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, starting a 444-day
hostage crisis that transfixed America.
After a three-hour struggle, the students took
hostages, including 62 Americans, and demanded the extradition of the
deposed Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, who was receiving medical treatment in
the United States for the cancer that ultimately would kill him. Some
hostages would later be released amid the crisis, but it would take over a
year for all to be freed.
On the day of the takeover, The Associated Press
actually had no presence in Iran. Two months earlier, Iranian authorities
had shut down the AP's bureau in Tehran, throwing out four foreign
correspondents for the cooperative over its reporting of a Kurdish uprising
in western Iran. Two Iranian staffers for the AP were ordered to stop
working for the agency.
The AP story shows how the agency adapted, relying on
bureaus around the world to monitor broadcasts and make calls, including its
Middle East headquarters, which at the time was in Nicosia, Cyprus.
Iranian authorities ultimately relented and allowed the
AP to resume its news operations. But by January 1980, Iran threw out the AP
and all American journalists. The AP ultimately would return to Iran and
re-establish a presence in 1995 and later a bureau that it still operates
Now, 40 years later, the AP is making its story and
photos of the U.S. Embassy takeover available. The story has been edited for
typographical errors, but maintains the AP style of the day.
A mob of Iranian students overran U.S. Marine guards in
a three-hour struggle Sunday and invaded the American Embassy in Tehran,
seizing dozens of staff members as hostages, Tehran Radio reported. They
demanded that the United States send the exiled shah back to Iran for trial,
the radio said.
No serious injuries were reported. Tehran Radio said as
many as 100 hostages were being held, but an Iranian Foreign Ministry
spokesman said he believed it was fewer than 45 — about 35 Americans and
seven or eight Iranians.
The spokesman, reached in Tehran by telephone from New
York, said an estimated 200 or 300 students were involved.
In Washington, State Department spokesman Jack Touhy
said it was estimated 59 persons were being held captive and there was no
firm evidence the invaders were armed. He said a State Department working
group was set up to monitor the situation and added the U.S. government
would have no immediate comment on the demand that the shah be returned to
White House spokesman Alan Raymond reported in
Washington that President Carter, spending the weekend at the Camp David
retreat, was in contact with his national security adviser Zbigniew
Brzezinski, Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance and Defense Secretary Harold
The Tehran Radio broadcasts, monitored in London, said
the embassy's Marine guards hurled tear-gas canisters but were unable to
hold back the waves of students. None of the broadcasts mentioned any
weapons besides the tear gas.
Japan's Kyodo news service reported from Tehran that
the invaders called a news conference in the embassy compound and a
sweater-clad man in his mid-20s told reporters, "We will continue to stay
here and won't release any of the hostages until the United States returns
the ousted shah, which is what the Iranian people want."
There were reports that the hostages were blindfolded
and handcuffed. The Foreign Ministry spokesman denied this, saying the
embassy takeover was "a very peaceful exercise. They are dealing with them
But television film broadcast in some Western countries
showed a few hostages in front of an embassy building who were blindfolded
and either bound or handcuffed.
Asked if the students were armed, the Foreign Ministry
spokesman said he had heard no reports that they were.
He said a Scandinavian ambassador in Tehran would act
as a mediator "to try to convince the students to get out of the compound."
He reported an Iranian Moslem religious leader also was trying to talk the
invaders into leaving.
The spokesman, who asked not to be named, said he was
unsure of the identities of the two mediators.
The State Department said in Washington the Iranian
government had "given assurances that our people being held are safe and
Tehran Radio said the Marines and other "mercenaries" —
not further identified — were safe in a room and "No violent action has been
taken against them."
An official at the British Embassy, reached by phone
from London, said it appeared "as though the hostages are having to spend
the night in the basement. There is no knowing how long they are going to be
The Foreign Ministry spokesman said that after the
takeover thousands of other Iranians converged on the spacious embassy
compound, on a major avenue in central Tehran, and milled around outside,
shouting anti-American slogans.
Just hours after the embassy invasion, seven
demonstrators chained themselves inside the Statue of Liberty in New York
Harbor to protest the ousted Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's presence in New
York, where he is hospitalized for cancer treatment. After 3 1/2 hours
authorities cut the chains and took them into custody.
Pahlavi went to New York last month on a special
medical visa and underwent gallbladder surgery and testing. Doctors
recommended he stay in the United States for six months to a year for drug
treatment of his cancer. He fled Iran in January and later took up residence
The Tehran broadcasts, some not clearly received, said
the students were motivated by a "message" from the leader of Iran's Islamic
revolution, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.
The Iranian Embassy in Washington released a statement
issued by the Foreign Ministry in Tehran after the takeover accusing the
United States of engaging in an "imperialist plot" to reinstate the former
monarch. Iranian officials have claimed the deposed ruler is faking illness.
"The action taken today by a group of our countrymen
reflects the natural feeling of the Iranian nation towards the U.S.
government's disregard" of an official Iranian protest of Pahlavi's presence
in New York, the statement said.
It said the U.S. government ignored the protest and
refused to allow two Iranian doctors living in the United States to examine
the shah, who could have been treated in Mexico or another country.
"The people of Iran were extremely concerned about any
relocation and activities of the shah and ... would consider the shah's
illness a pretext for his going to the United States in order to have access
to better activities against the Islamic revolution in Iran," the statement
State Department spokesman Touhy said the U.S. charge
d'affaires in Tehran, Bruce Laingen, and two other American officials were
at the Foreign Ministry at the time the embassy was seized, and had
contacted Iranian Foreign Minister Ibrahim Yazdi. No U.S. ambassador
currently is assigned to Tehran.
Touhy said Laingen remained at the ministry,
negotiating with officials there, and negotiations were not being conducted
with the embassy invaders. He said families of U.S. personnel held in the
embassy were being advised that the hostages had not been harmed. He did not
release any names of the Americans.
The State Department had issued a statement earlier,
saying Laingen "had been given assurances by the Iranian government that it
will do its best to resolve the matter satisfactorily. We appreciate the
efforts of the Iranian government."
This was the second time the embassy has been taken
over since the revolution. Gunmen believed to be renegade revolutionaries
invaded the embassy last Feb. 14, killing one Iranian and taking 101
hostages, including Ambassador William Sullivan and 19 Marine guards.
Pro-Khomeini forces drove the insurgents from the badly damaged compound
after 3 1/2 hours.
A Baghdad Radio broadcast reported that Iraq had lodged
a strong protest with Iran over what was described as an attack on the Iraqi
Embassy in Tehran Saturday and the abduction of four persons. The Khomeini
regime accuses Iraq of aiding autonomy-seeking minorities in Iran.
Riot police storm Hong Kong malls to thwart more protests
police fires pepper spray toward people at a shopping mall in Hong Kong,
Sunday, Nov. 3, 2019. (AP Photo/Dita Alangkara)
councilor Andrew Chiu receives medical treatment in Hong Kong, on Sunday,
Nov. 3, 2019. (Elson Li/HK01 via AP)
stand inside the lobby of China's Xinhua News Agency after it was damaged by
protesters in Hong Kong, Saturday, Nov. 2, 2019. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
By EILEEN NG
HONG KONG (AP) — Riot police stormed several
malls in Hong Kong on Sunday in a move to thwart more pro-democracy
protests, though violence did break out when a knife-wielding man slashed
several people and bit off part of the ear of a local pro-democracy
There were calls online urging protesters to gather in
seven locations to sustain a push for political reform following a chaotic
day of clashes with police on Saturday, as the anti-government movement
shows no signs of letting up after nearly five months.
Most of the rallies didn't pan out Sunday as scores of
riot police took positions, searching and arresting people, dispersing
crowds and blocking access to a park next to the office of the city's
embattled leader, Carrie Lam.
Some small pockets of hardcore demonstrators were
As protesters chanted slogans at the New Town Plaza
shopping mall in Sha Tin, police said they moved in after some "masked
rioters" with fire extinguishers vandalized turnstiles and smashed windows
at the subway station linked to the mall.
At two malls in the New Territories in the north,
protesters vandalized shops, threw paint and attacked a branch of Japanese
fast food chain Yoshinoya, which has been frequently targeted after the
chain's owner voiced support for the Hong Kong police.
Police rushed into one of the malls after objects were
thrown at them. At another, protesters used umbrellas and cable ties to lock
the mall entrance to prevent police from entering.
Later in the day, police stormed the Cityplaza shopping
complex on Hong Kong Island after some protesters sprayed graffiti at a
restaurant. A human chain by dozens of people was broken up and angry
shoppers heckled the police.
On Sunday night outside Cityplaza, a man slashed
several people with a knife and bit off part of the ear of a district
councilor who was trying to stop him from leaving. Local media said the man
told his victims that Hong Kong belongs to China, and that the councilor was
a pro-democracy politician.
Television footage showed the man biting the
councilor's ear and being badly beaten up by a crowd after the attack,
before police arrived. At least five people were injured, reports said.
The protests began in early June over a now-shelved
plan to allow extraditions to mainland China but have since swelled into a
movement seeking other demands, including direct elections for Hong Kong's
leaders and an independent inquiry into police conduct.
Lam has refused to budge on the demands, and instead
has focused on measures that she said contributed to protesters' anger, such
as creating jobs and easing housing woes in one of the world's most
expensive cities. She invoked emergency powers last month to ban face masks
at rallies, provoking further anger.
Her office said Sunday that Lam, currently in Shanghai,
will head to Beijing on Tuesday. She is due to hold talks Wednesday with
Chinese Vice Premier Han Zheng and join a meeting on the development of the
Greater Bay Area that aims to link Hong Kong, Macao and nine other cities in
The ambitious project will help make it easier for Hong
Kong residents to work and reside in mainland Chinese cities, and bolster
the flow of people and goods, Lam's office said in a statement.
But the plan has also sparked concerns over China's
growing influence over the territory. Many protesters fear Beijing is slowly
infringing on the freedoms guaranteed to Hong Kong when the former British
colony returned to Chinese control in 1997.
On Saturday, protesters for the first time attacked the
Hong Kong office of China's state-owned Xinhua News Agency in a show of
anger against Beijing, a day after China warned of tightening its grip on
the city to quell the unrest. The attack on Xinhua came after chaos broke
out downtown, with police firing tear gas and protesters tossing gasoline
Xinhua in a statement strongly condemned the "barbaric
acts of mobs" that had vandalized and set fire to the lobby of its
Asia-Pacific office building. The Hong Kong Journalists Association also
deplored "any act of sabotage against the media" and called for an end to
violence against the press.
Protesters have frequently targeted Chinese banks and
businesses. In July, demonstrators threw eggs at China's liaison office in
Hong Kong and defaced the Chinese national emblem in a move slammed by
Beijing as a direct challenge to its authority.
On Friday, the Communist Party in Beijing vowed to
"establish and strengthen a legal system and enforcement mechanism" to
prevent foreign powers from sowing acts of "separatism, subversion,
infiltration and sabotage" in Hong Kong.
Merkel: 1 million car charging points in Germany by 2030
Chancellor Angela Merkel speaks with a driver of an electric vehicle at a
metro station in New Delhi, India, Saturday, Nov. 2, 2019. India and Germany
agreed on Friday to enhance cooperation in tackling climate change,
cybersecurity, skill development, artificial intelligence, energy security,
civil aviation and defense production. The two countries signed several
agreements, with Prime Minister Narendra Modi saying India is eager to
benefit from Germany's expertise. (AP Photo/Shonal Ganguly)
BERLIN (AP) — German Chancellor
Angela Merkel said Sunday she wants to drastically increase the number of
charging stations for electric cars in Germany to give consumers more
confidence to switch over to electric from internal combustion engines.
Speaking in her weekly video podcast, Merkel said she
wants Germany to have 1 million charging stations by 2030. Germany currently
has about 21,000 charging stations.
The comments come ahead of her meeting Monday with
automobile industry executives as part of efforts to help Germany's
transport sector meet emissions targets.
In addition to talking about Germany's charging
infrastructure, Merkel says those at the meeting will discuss government and
industry incentives for electric cars and how to protect auto industry jobs
amid the transition to producing more environmentally friendly vehicles. She
says the development of hydrogen-powered cars can also play a role.
Germany is home to several major automobile
manufacturers, including Daimler, BMW and Volkswagen, which includes many
subsidiaries such as Audi, Skoda and Porsche.
Volkswagen's reputation was tarnished and its
bottom-line hit by a widely publicized diesel emissions cheating scandal
that violated rules to protect air quality. But the Wolfsburg-based company
is now leading the push into electric vehicles in Europe, launching its ID.3
battery-powered compact car at prices it says will make zero-local emission
vehicles a mass phenomenon.
UK's Boris Johnson apologizes for missing Brexit deadline
Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson gestures,
during a visit to Metropolitan Police training college in Hendon, north
London, Thursday, Oct. 31, 2019. (Aaron Chown/Pool Photo via AP)
By GREGORY KATZ
LONDON (AP) — Britain's election campaign heated
up Sunday even before it officially started, with Prime Minister Boris
Johnson saying he would apologize to Conservatives for failing to take the
U.K. out of the European Union by Oct. 31 and Brexit Party leader Nigel
Farage saying he won't personally run for a seat in Parliament.
Johnson's promise to have Britain leave the bloc by
Oct. 31 had been his central platform in the party leadership competition
that brought him to power in July.
He told Sky News on Sunday that it was a matter of
"deep regret" that he failed to do so. Asked if he was sorry about missing
the deadline, Johnson said: "Yes, absolutely."
Johnson's plan to leave by Oct. 31 with or without a
divorce deal was blocked by Parliament, which required him to seek a Brexit
extension. The EU has granted a three-month Brexit extension until Jan. 31.
Johnson pushed hard for an early national election on
Dec. 12 in which he hopes to get a more Brexit-friendly Parliament.
One of his political rivals, Nigel Farage of the Brexit
Party, has pushed for his one-theme party to team up in a coalition with
Johnson's Conservatives for the December election, but the prime minister
has refused the offer. The two parties are both vying for Brexit-backing
Farage has vowed that his party will contest every seat
in England, Scotland and Wales against the Conservatives unless Johnson
drops his Brexit agreement, which Farage and his party think is worse than a
On Sunday, Farage told the BBC that he can "serve the
cause of Brexit" better by traveling throughout Britain to support 600
Brexit Party candidates rather than by seeking a seat for himself.
"I don't want to be in politics for the rest of my
life," he said.
Farage has failed in earlier attempts to win a seat in
the British Parliament, although he has long been a member of the European
Parliament, which he has used as a pulpit to criticize the EU.
He said it was difficult to back party candidates
nationwide while trying to win over a local district.
All seats in the 650-seat House of Commons are up for
grabs in the Dec. 12 election, chosen by Britain's 46 million eligible
voters. While the Conservatives have a wide lead in most opinion polls,
analysts say the election is unpredictable because Brexit cuts across
traditional party loyalties.
The opposition left-of-center Labour party is trying to
shift the campaign focus from Brexit to domestic political issues such as
schools, health care and Britain's social inequities. Labour is vulnerable
over Brexit because the issue divides the party.
The centrist Liberal Democrats want to cancel Brexit
and are trying to woo pro-EU supporters from both the Conservatives and
Labour in Britain's big cities and liberal university towns.
Jane Fonda spends night in jail after demonstration arrest
In this Friday, Oct. 25, 2019, file photo,
actress and activist Jane Fonda is arrested at the Capitol for blocking the
street after she and other demonstrators called on Congress for action to
address climate change, in Washington. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File)
WASHINGTON (AP) — Actress and activist Jane Fonda spent a night in a
local jail after her fourth arrest in as many weeks while participating in a
climate change demonstration on Capitol Hill.
The 81-year-old Oscar winner was among more than 40
people arrested Friday while sitting in the atrium of the Hart Senate Office
Building. A spokesman for Fire Drill Fridays, Ira Arlook, says Fonda was the
only one who spent the night in jail, her first as part of the ongoing
Arlook says Fonda appeared in Superior Court about 1
p.m. Saturday and was released.
Fonda has said she plans to get arrested every Friday
as she advocates for reducing the use of fossil fuels. A rally with speakers
on various climate-related topics precedes the civil disobedience.
Cambodian official says British backpacker died of drowning
Linda Schultes, right, mother of British backpacker
Amelia Bambridge, arrives in a van together with her family members at the
Sihanoukville Referral Hospital in Sihanoukville province, Cambodia, Friday,
Nov. 1, 2019. (AP Photo/Heng Sinith)
PHNOM PENH, Cambodia (AP) —
An autopsy has determined that a British backpacker whose body was found at
sea a week after she disappeared on a Cambodian island had died from
drowning, an official said Friday.
Kuoch Chamroeun, the governor of
Preah Sihanouk province, said by phone that the body of Amelia Bambridge was
examined at the main hospital in Sihanoukville, the coastal city to which it
was taken after being retrieved Thursday from the Gulf of Thailand.
The 21-year-old woman disappeared
after attending a beach party late on the night of Oct. 23 on the island of
Koh Rong. Her body was discovered by fishermen about 60 miles (100
kilometers) to the northwest.
Maj. Gen. Chuon Narin, the
provincial police chief, said earlier Friday that the autopsy would be
attended by forensic police, a hospital doctor, a court prosecutor, a
representative of the British embassy and members of Bambridge's family.
Before the body was found,
Bambridge's family had speculated that she might have been abducted or
become lost in the heavy jungle in Koh Rong's interior, but Cambodian
officials had leaned toward the theory that she had drowned because her bag
with money and a cellphone was found on a rock near the edge of the ocean.
The victim's brother, Harry
Bambridge, viewed the body Thursday and in a message posted on his Facebook
page confirmed it was his sister.
Kuoch Chamrouen said the Bambridge
family and the British embassy had told Preah Sihanouk authorities that they
wished to take the body to Phnom Penh, Cambodia's capital, and then have it
sent to Britain.
The governor said he did not oppose
the request and the body would be released.
Farage tells Johnson: Drop Brexit deal and I'll help you win
Brexit Party leader Nigel
Farage launches his party's manifesto ahead of the upcoming General
Election, in London, Friday, Nov. 1, 2019. Farage kicked off the Brexit
Party campaign Friday for Britain's December general election.(AP
By JILL LAWLESS
LONDON (AP) — Nigel Farage, the
minor-party leader who played a major role in Britain's decision to leave
the European Union, is trying to throw his weight around again in the U.K.'s
Farage on Friday piled the pressure
on British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, saying his Brexit Party will run
against Johnson's Conservatives across the country in the Dec. 12 early
election unless Johnson abandons his divorce deal with the EU.
Farage's party, which was founded
earlier this year, rejects Johnson's Brexit deal, preferring to leave the
bloc with no agreement on future relations in what it calls a "clean-break"
Brexit. It holds seats in the European Union's legislature but has none so
far in Britain's Parliament.
Launching the Brexit Party's
election campaign, Farage said Johnson's deal "is not Brexit" because it
would mean continuing to follow some EU rules and holding years of
negotiations on future relations.
"Boris tells us this is a great new
deal. It is not. It is a bad old treaty. And simply, it is not Brexit,"
All 650 seats in the House of
Commons are up for grabs in the election that is coming more than two years
early, with winners to be chosen by Britain's 46 million voters.
If the Brexit Party runs in only a
small number of seats, that would help the Conservatives, who are vying with
Farage for the support of Brexit-backing voters.
Farage spoke a day after U.S.
President Donald Trump barged into the British election campaign, urging his
friend Farage to make an electoral pact with Johnson's Conservatives. Trump
told Farage on the Euroskeptic politician's own radio phone-in show Thursday
that he and Johnson would be "an unstoppable force."
Trump also undermined Johnson by
claiming that "certain aspects" of the prime minister's EU divorce agreement
would make it impossible for Britain to do a trade deal with the U.S.
The ability to strike new trade
agreements around the world is seen by Brexit supporters as one of the key
advantages of leaving the EU. Most economists, though, say trade deals with
the U.S. and other countries are unlikely to compensate for Britain's
reduced commerce with the EU, which currently accounts for half of U.K.
Forecasters say a no-deal Brexit
would have an even more severe effect on the U.K. economy and would hurt EU
nations as well.
Purist Brexiteers such as Farage
dislike the Brexit agreement struck by Johnson — as they did a previous
effort by his predecessor Theresa May —because it keeps the U.K. bound by EU
rules and financial obligations for up to three years while a new trade
relationship is negotiated. The terms would also see Northern Ireland bound
by EU trade and customs rules indefinitely to avoid checks on the border
with EU member Ireland that could undermine both the regional economy and
peace in Northern Ireland.
Farage, who played a key role in the
2016 campaign for Britain to leave the EU, said if Johnson agreed to abandon
his deal, the Brexit Party would form a "non-aggression pact" with the
Conservatives, standing aside from running against them in many areas.
"I believe the only way to solve
this is to build a 'leave' alliance across this country," Farage said. "If
it was done, Boris Johnson would win a very big majority."
Farage warned that if Johnson
rejects the offer, "we will contest every single seat in England, Scotland
He said Johnson needs to make up his
mind before the nominations for candidates close on Nov. 14.
Johnson, however, has already ruled
out an electoral pact with Farage.
"We are not interested in doing any
pacts with the Brexit Party or indeed with anybody else," Communities
Secretary Robert Jenrick said Friday. "We are in this to win it."
The prime minister sought this early
election to break the political impasse over Britain's stalled departure
from the EU.
Johnson had promised for months that
the U.K. would leave the 28-nation bloc on the scheduled date of Oct. 31
"come what may." He struck a divorce deal with the EU last month, but
Parliament blocked his plan to rush it into law in a matter of days. Amid
the impasse, last week the EU granted Britain a three-month Brexit delay,
setting a new Jan. 31 deadline.
Johnson accuses opposition
politicians for the failure to leave the EU on Thursday.
While the Conservatives have a wide
lead in most opinion polls, analysts say the election is unpredictable
because Brexit cuts across traditional party loyalties.
The Brexit Party also poses a threat
to the main opposition Labour Party in traditionally Labour-supporting
post-industrial areas of Wales and northern England, which voted in 2016 to
leave the EU.
On the other side of the divide, the
centrist Liberal Democrats, who want to cancel Brexit, are wooing pro-EU
supporters from both the Conservatives and Labour in Britain's big cities
and liberal university towns.
Left-of center Labour, which has its
own internal divisions over Brexit, is trying to shift the election
battleground onto more comfortable domestic terrain: the rising inequities
in Britain. Labour is hoping that voters want to talk about health care, the
environment and social welfare — all of which saw years of funding cuts
under Conservative governments — instead of holding more debates on the
seemingly endless topic of Brexit.
Scottish First Minister Nicola
Sturgeon, whose Scottish National Party is running on a pro-independence,
anti-Brexit platform, said if the Conservatives won, "you'll have Nigel
Farage and Donald Trump pulling Boris Johnson's strings."
"A Nigel Farage and Boris Johnson
coalition would be scary," she said. "I know Halloween was yesterday, but
it's the kind of Halloween monster that no one in Scotland wants to see."
A majority of Scottish voters backed
staying in the EU in the 2016 referendum.
Science Says: How daylight saving time affects health
In this Thursday, July 25,
2019 photo, workers at the Electric Time Company in Medfield, Mass., test a
20 foot high clock, built for the a new train station in Bangkok, Thailand,
prior to packing and shipment. The clock features a "9" in Thai number
script. Daylight saving time ends at 2 a.m. local time Sunday, Nov. 3, 2019,
when clocks are set back one hour. Losing an hour of daylight sounds like a
gloomy preview for the dark winter months, and at least one study found an
increase in people seeking help for depression after turning the clocks back
to standard time in November _ in Scandinavia. But far more research says
that the springtime start of daylight saving time may be more harmful,
linking it with more car accidents, heart attacks in vulnerable people and
other health problems that may persist throughout the time change. (AP
By LINDSEY TANNER
Office workers bemoan driving home
in the dark. Night owls relish the chance to sleep in. As clocks tick toward
the end of daylight saving time, many sleep scientists and circadian
biologists are pushing for a permanent ban because of potential ill effects
on human health.
Losing an hour of afternoon daylight
sounds like a gloomy preview for the dark winter months, and at least one
study found an increase in people seeking help for depression after turning
the clocks back to standard time in November — in Scandinavia. Research
shows the springtime start of daylight saving time may be more harmful,
linking it with more car accidents, heart attacks in vulnerable people and
other health problems that may persist throughout the time change.
Here's what science has to say about
a twice-yearly ritual affecting nearly 2 billion people worldwide.
Time changes mess with sleep
schedules, a potential problem when so many people are already sleep
deprived, says Dr. Phyllis Zee, a sleep researcher at Northwestern Medicine
About 1 in 3 U.S. adults sleep less
than the recommended seven-plus hours nightly, and more than half of U.S.
teens don't get the recommended eight-plus hours on weeknights. One U.S.
study found that in the week following the spring switch to daylight saving
time, teens slept about 2½ hours less than the previous week. Many people
never catch up during the subsequent six months.
Research suggests that chronic sleep
deprivation can increase levels of stress hormones that boost heart rate and
blood pressure, and of chemicals that trigger inflammation.
It has also been shown that blood
tends to clot more quickly in the morning. These changes underlie evidence
that heart attacks are more common in general in the morning, and may
explain studies showing that rates increase slightly on Mondays after clocks
are moved forward in the spring, when people typically rise an hour earlier
That increased risk associated with
the time change is mainly in people already vulnerable because of existing
heart disease, said Barry Franklin, director of preventive cardiology and
cardiac rehabilitation at Beaumont Health hospital in Royal Oak, Michigan.
Studies suggest that these people
return to their baseline risk after the autumn time change.
Numerous studies have linked the
start of daylight saving time in the spring with a brief spike in car
accidents, and with poor performance on tests of alertness, both likely due
to sleep loss.
The research includes a German study
published this year that found an increase in traffic fatalities in the week
after the start of daylight saving time, but no such increase in the fall.
Other studies on how returning to
standard time in the fall might impact car crashes have had conflicting
OUR INTERNAL CLOCKS
Circadian biologists believe ill
health effects from daylight saving time result from a mismatch among the
sun "clock," our social clock — work and school schedules — and the body's
internal 24-hour body clock.
Ticking away at the molecular level,
the biological clock is entrained — or set — by exposure to sunlight and
darkness. It regulates bodily functions such as metabolism, blood pressure
and hormones that promote sleep and alertness.
Disruptions to the body clock have
been linked with obesity, depression, diabetes, heart problems and other
conditions. Circadian biologists say these disruptions include tinkering
with standard time by moving the clock ahead one hour in the spring.
A mismatch of one hour daily is
enough for ill effects, especially if it lasts for several months, according
to Till Roenneberg, a circadian rhythm specialist at Ludwig-Maximilian
University in Munich, Germany.
PRESSURE TO CHANGE
In the U.S., daylight saving time
runs from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November. It was
first established 100 years ago to save energy. Modern-day research has
found little or no such cost savings.
Federal law allows states to remain
on standard time year-round but only Hawaii and most of Arizona have chosen
to. Proposed legislation in several states would have them join suit — or
switch to year-round daylight saving time, which would require congressional
Roenneberg and Northwestern's Zee
are co-authors of a recent position statement advocating returning to
standard time for good, written for the Society for Research on Biological
"If we want to improve human health,
we should not fight against our body clock, and therefore we should abandon
daylight saving time," the statement says.
Final 'Or-derrrs': UK Commons speaker John Bercow bows out
In this photo released by the
UK Parliament, Speaker of the House of Commons John Bercow gestures during
his final day in the Chair in the House of Commons, in London, Thursday,
Oct. 31, 2019. The speaker of Britain's House of Commons, who has become a
global celebrity and online meme-magnet for his loud ties, even louder voice
and star turn at the center of Britain's Brexit drama, stepped down on
Thursday after 10 years in the job. (UK Parliament/Jessica Taylor via AP)
By JILL LAWLESS
LONDON (AP) — It's last or-derrrs
for John Bercow.
The speaker of Britain's House of
Commons, who has become a global celebrity and online meme-magnet for his
loud ties, even louder voice and star turn at the center of Britain's Brexit
drama, stepped down on Thursday after 10 years in the job.
Bercow closed business on his final
day in the post with words that have become synonymous with him: "Order,
Some lawmakers were sad to see him
go, but others were delighted. With his innovative interpretation of the
role, Bercow has become a hero to opponents of leaving the European Union, a
villain to Brexit advocates and a thorn in the side of Britain's
"He has as many detractors as he has
people who worship the floor that he walks on," said Sebastian Whale, author
of a "Call to Order," a forthcoming biography of Bercow. "And that's the
nature of the man. He is the speaker for the times. He's divisive, abrasive
Prime Minister Boris Johnson paid
Bercow a respectful but barbed tribute in the House of Commons on Wednesday.
He said the tennis-loving Bercow wasn't just "a commentator offering your
own opinions on the rallies you are watching, sometimes acerbic and
sometimes kindly, but above all as a player in your own right."
"Although we may disagree about some
of the legislative innovations you have favored, there is no doubt in my
mind that you have been a great servant of this Parliament and this House of
Commons," Johnson said.
Bercow, the 157th House of Commons
speaker, transformed the centuries-old role, whose powers include running
Commons business, calling on lawmakers to speak — or making them shut up —
overseeing votes and ruling on questions of parliamentary procedure.
Elected to the post on June 22,
2009, as the reputation of British politics was tarnished by an expenses
scandal, Bercow took a more activist role than many of his predecessors.
Seeing himself as the champion of Parliament against the executive branch,
he took every opportunity to let lawmakers hold the government to account.
Under his guidance, urgent questions
to ministers and emergency debates on big issues, once rare, became
commonplace. At crucial moments in the Brexit process, Bercow allowed
lawmakers to seize control of Parliament's agenda. One such intervention led
to the law that forced Johnson to ask for a three-month delay to Brexit,
postponing Britain's departure from the bloc until Jan. 31.
"John Bercow said from the
beginning, 'I want to be the champion of the backbenchers. I want to give
backbenchers and Parliament a voice," said Bronwen Maddox, director of
independent think-tank the Institute for Government. "It was when he began
running across conventions — changing conventions in ways that shape the
Brexit process — that it all got very, very controversial."
A London cab driver's son who began
his career in the 1980s as a right-wing acolyte of Conservative Prime
Minister Margaret Thatcher, Bercow became a modernizing speaker and sought
to rein in the rowdy, booze culture of Parliament.
During his tenure, late-night hours
were scaled back and a nursery was set up for the children of lawmakers and
staff. He appointed the first black woman to the post of chaplain of the
House of Commons and he clamped down on some lawmakers' noisier heckling.
Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn
said Bercow had transformed Parliament "from being a gentleman's club that
happens to be in a royal palace to a genuinely democratic institution."
But he was also accused by some who
had worked with him of bullying — allegations that he denies.
Whale said Bercow, 56, is a complex
character "from a very right-wing, staunch Thatcherite to a center, even
center-left, soft Tory."
He angered some on the political
right by saying in 2017 that President Donald Trump shouldn't be allowed to
address Parliament, an honor given to some of his predecessors.
"He was bullied at school, and I
think when you understand that, you can start to really understand the man,"
Whale said. "I think he has an antipathy towards the powerful using their
majority for means that he thinks aren't correct or right. You can see that
with how he stands up to government.
"I think also, coming from a
relatively working-class background — his dad was a taxi driver — you can
see how he's always wanted to be part of the establishment as yet had
problems with it."
Britain's decision in 2016 to leave
the European Union made Bercow a star — and a figure of controversy. The
speaker is supposed to be impartial, but Bercow revealed in 2017 that he had
voted to remain in the EU. That helped fuel claims by Brexit-backing
politicians that he favored pro-EU lawmakers in his decisions.
He pointed out, however, that he had
often championed the rights of the Brexiteers when they were in the
"Throughout my time as speaker, I
have sought to increase the relative authority of this legislature, for
which I will make absolutely no apology to anyone, anywhere, at any time,"
Bercow said when he announced his resignation in September.
Brexit gave Bercow a platform, but
his personal style made him a star. As the twisting political drama
unfolded, millions around the world became familiar with Bercow's bellowing
cries of "Or-derrr!" and "The ayes have it!" and his rhetorical flourishes.
One of his favorites is to tell off heckling lawmakers for "chuntering from
a sedentary position."
Whale said Bercow modeled some of
his verbal flourishes on characters in the Jane Austen novels that he loves.
"But that's just who he is, he's a
kind of eccentric character," Whale said. "And as I understand it, he's like
that in private as he is in public. He doesn't necessarily change because
the camera's on him. He just is that kind of slightly bewildering character
from a different age."
Bercow's replacement will be elected
by lawmakers on Monday from among the 650 members of Parliament. There are
nine candidates, including Bercow's three deputy speakers.
Maddox said "the Commons may well go
for a safe pair of hands after this and someone less controversial."
"But the questions are still there,"
she said. "What exactly is the speaker's discretion to decide when
backbenchers can bring an amendment to a government motion and not? And
exactly what powers does Parliament have compared to the government?"
Sharply divided House approves Dems' impeachment rules
the House Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., talks to reporters just before the House
vote on a resolution to formalize the impeachment investigation of President
Donald Trump, in Washington, Thursday, Oct. 31, 2019. (AP Photo/J. Scott
from video made available by House TV on Thursday, Oct. 31, 2019 shows the
floor of the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington and the vote count
to approve the rules for its impeachment inquiry of President Donald Trump.
(House TV via AP)
Republican Conference chair Rep. Liz Cheney, R-Wyo., speaks during a news
conference with other Republicans on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday,
Oct. 31, 2019. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
By ALAN FRAM and MATTHEW DALY
WASHINGTON (AP) — Democrats swept a rules package for
their impeachment probe of President Donald Trump through a divided House
Thursday, as the chamber's first vote on the investigation highlighted the
partisan breach the issue has only deepened.
By 232-196, lawmakers approved the procedures they'll
follow as weeks of closed-door interviews with witnesses evolve into public
committee hearings and — almost certainly — votes on whether the House
should recommend Trump's removal.
All voting Republicans opposed the package. Every
voting Democrat but two supported it.
Underscoring the pressure Trump has heaped on his
party's lawmakers, he tweeted, "Now is the time for Republicans to stand
together and defend the leader of their party against these smears."
Yet the roll call also accentuated how Democrats have
rallied behind the impeachment inquiry after House Speaker Nancy Pelosi
spent months urging caution until evidence and public support had grown.
She and other Democratic leaders had feared a premature
vote would wound the reelection prospects of dozens of their members,
including freshmen and lawmakers from Trump-won districts or seats held
previously by Republicans. But recent polls have shown voters' growing
receptivity to the investigation and, to a lesser degree, ousting Trump.
That and evidence that House investigators have amassed
have helped unify Democrats, including those from GOP areas. Rep. Cindy Axne,
D-Iowa, said she was supporting a pathway to giving "the American people the
facts they deserve," while Rep. Andy Kim, D-N.J., said voters warrant "the
Yet Republicans were also buoyed by polling, which has
shown that GOP voters stand unflinchingly behind Trump.
"The impeachment-obsessed Democrats just flushed their
majority down the toilet," said Michael McAdams, a spokesman for House
Republicans' campaign arm.
Elsewhere at the Capitol on Thursday, three House
panels led by the Intelligence Committee questioned their latest witness
into the allegations that led to the impeachment inquiry: that Trump
pressured Ukraine to produce dirt on his Democratic political rivals by
withholding military aid and an Oval Office meeting craved by the country's
Tim Morrison, who stepped down from the National
Security Council the day before his appearance, testified — still behind
closed doors — that he saw nothing illegal in Trump's phone call with the
Ukrainian president that is at the center of the Democrat-led investigation.
Yet, Morrison also largely confirmed much of what
William Taylor, the highest-ranking U.S. official in Ukraine, said in
earlier, highly critical testimony about the call, which Taylor said he and
Morrison discussed several times.
The Democrats are still waiting to hear if Morrison's
one-time boss, John Bolton, will testify. They have subpoenaed former
national security adviser Bolton, who quit the administration after
disagreements with Trump over his handling of Ukraine.
In the House inquiry vote, the only Democratic "no"
votes were by Reps. Jeff Van Drew, a New Jersey freshman, and veteran
Collin Peterson of Minnesota, one of the House's most conservative
Democrats. Both are battling for reelection in Republican-leaning districts.
Also supporting the rules was independent Rep. Justin
Amash of Michigan, who left the GOP this year after announcing he was open
to considering Trump's impeachment.
Thursday's House debate was laced with high-minded
appeals to defend the Constitution and Congress' independence, as well as
"What are we fighting for? Defending our democracy,"
said Pelosi. She addressed lawmakers with a poster of the American flag
beside her and opened her comments by reading from the preamble to the
She also said the rules would let lawmakers decide
whether to impeach Trump "based on the truth. I don't know why the
Republicans are afraid of the truth."
But her counterpart, Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy of
California cast the process as a skewed attempt to railroad a president whom
Democrats have detested since before he took office.
"Democrats are trying to impeach the president because
they are scared they cannot defeat him at the ballot box," he said.
No. 2 House GOP leader Steve Scalise, R-La., accused
Democrats of imposing "Soviet-style rules." His backdrop was a bright red
poster depicting the Soviet hammer and sickle emblem and the famous St.
Basil's Cathedral in Moscow's Red Square.
The House is at least weeks away from deciding whether
to vote on actually impeaching Trump. If it does, the Senate would hold a
trial on whether to remove him from office. That GOP-run chamber seems
highly likely to keep him in the White House.
Rep. Devin Nunes, R-Calif., likened Democrats to a
"cult," accusing them of bouncing from "one outlandish conspiracy theory to
another." Rep. Maxine Waters, D-Calif., pointedly said she looked forward to
Republicans "prioritizing country over party, just as we took an oath to
Democrats said the procedures are similar to rules used
during the impeachment proceedings of Presidents Richard Nixon and Bill
Pelosi decided to have the vote following a GOP
drumbeat that the inquiry was tainted because lawmakers hadn't voted to
formally commence the work. The rules direct House committees "to continue
their ongoing investigations" of Trump.
Democrats hope Thursday's vote will undercut GOP
assertions that the process has been invalid. They've noted that there is no
constitutional provision or House rule requiring such a vote.
The rules require the House Intelligence Committee —
now leading the investigation — to issue a report and release transcripts of
its closed-door interviews, which members of both parties have attended.
The Judiciary Committee would then decide whether to
recommend that the House impeach Trump.
Republicans could only issue subpoenas for witnesses to
appear if the committees holding the hearings approve them — in effect
giving Democrats veto power.
Attorneys for Trump could participate in the Judiciary
Committee proceedings. Democrats would retain leverage by empowering panel
Chairman Jerrold Nadler, D-N.Y., to deny requests by Trump representatives
to call witnesses if the White House continues to "unlawfully refuse" to
provide testimony or documents Congress demands.
Police say body of British tourist missing in Cambodia found
Family members of missing British backpacker
Amelia Bambridge, right, shake hands with provincial police officers on a
pier on Koh Rong island off southwestern Cambodia, Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2019.
(AP Photo/Heng Sinith)
By SOPHENG CHEANG Associated Press
PHNOM PENH, Cambodia (AP) — The body of a British
backpacker missing for more than a week in Cambodia was found at sea
Thursday dozens of miles (kilometers) from the island where she disappeared,
The police chief for Preah Sihanouk province, Maj. Gen.
Chuon Narin, said the body of 21-year-old Amelia Bambridge was discovered in
the Gulf of Thailand northwest of Koh Rong, where she disappeared after
attending a beach party on the night of Oct. 23.
It was found near another island, Koh Chhlam, close to
Cambodia's maritime border with Thailand.
The Facebook page of Cambodia's deputy navy chief also
reported the discovery.
Authorities had launched an intensive land, air and sea
search on and around Koh Rong, joined by members of the missing woman's
family who came after learning she was lost.
Bambridge's family had speculated she could have become
lost in the heavy jungle in the island's interior, but Cambodia officials
had openly leaned toward the theory that she drowned in the sea, because her
bag with money and a cellphone was found on a rock near the edge of the
Deputy Navy Commander Tea Sokha said the authorities
were tipped off to the body by fishermen who saw it. He said it was then
identified as Bambridge's on the basis of its Western appearance and
especially because of the clothing and tattoos, both of which matched photos
of the woman taken on the night she disappeared.
He said the body was being taken to the mainland port
of Sihanoukville for forensic experts to confirm the identification and to
examine for the cause of death. In addition, officials were checking with
local fisherman to see if there were any reports of other missing women who
might have been lost at sea.
Bambridge's mother, father and brother have been both
on Koh Rong and in Sihanoukville in recent days, but it was not immediately
known if or when they might view the body.
Fires spare Reagan library but menace homes near Los Angeles
Fabio Losurdo comforts his horse, Smarty, at a
ranch in Simi Valley, Calif., Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2019. A brush fire broke
out just before dawn in the Simi Valley area north of Los Angeles. (AP
Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu)
By BRIAN MELLEY and MARCIO JOSE SANCHEZ
SIMI VALLEY, Calif. (AP) — A wind-whipped outbreak of
wildfires outside Los Angeles on Wednesday threatened thousands of homes and
horse ranches, forced the smoky evacuation of elderly patients in
wheelchairs and narrowly bypassed the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library,
protected in part by a buffer zone chewed by goats.
With California tinder dry and fires burning in both
the north and south, the state was at the mercy of strong winds, on high
alert for any new flames that could run wild, and weary from intentional
blackouts aimed at preventing power lines from sparking more destruction.
The blaze near the Reagan library in Simi Valley was
driven by strong Santa Ana winds that are the bane of Southern California in
the fall and have historically fanned the most destructive fires in the
The cause was not yet determined, but Southern
California Edison filed a report with state regulators to say it began near
its power lines. Electrical equipment has sparked some of California's worst
wildfires in recent years and prompted utilities to resort to precautionary
power outages. SoCal Edison had not cut power in the area at the time this
The library, which holds the presidential archives and
includes grounds with the graves of Reagan and his wife, Nancy, was
well-equipped when flames surrounded it. It relies on a combination of
high-tech defenses such as fireproof doors, sprinklers and an underground
vault, as well as a decidedly no-tech measure — hundreds of goats brought in
every year to graze on brush and create a firebreak.
An army of firefighters helped protect the hilltop
museum, and helicopters hit the flames, leaving some neighbors resentful as
they frantically hosed down fires in the surrounding subdivisions and open
Armed with just a garden hose and wearing a mask, Beth
Rivera watered down the perimeter of her large home to prevent embers from
igniting dry grass and trees. Friends helped evacuate 11 horses from the
property. Soaring flames were only 30 yards (27 meters) away and blowing
toward her house, with no firetrucks in sight.
Animals could be heard shrieking in a barn burning next
door on Tierra Rejada Road, where large ranches with riding stables and
horse rings line the road. Two horses bolted into the street from the
flaming barn, trailing a cloud of smoke.
"Oh gosh, this isn't fun," Rivera said. "There isn't a
fire unit (here) at the moment because they're busy working on the fire
close to the library. This is why I'm very worried. Because I can't ... save
Within minutes, a fire crew arrived to help Rivera and
her boyfriend protect their home.
The brush fire broke out before dawn between the cities
of Simi Valley and Moorpark north of Los Angeles and grew to 2.5 square
miles (6.4 square kilometers), Ventura County officials said. About 7,000
homes, or around 30,000 people, were ordered evacuated, authorities said.
Wind gusts of up to 68 mph (109 kph) were reported,
forecasters said. Other spots in Southern California were buffeted by even
stronger winds. The gusts knocked over a truck on a freeway.
Another wildfire forced the evacuation of two mobile
home parks and a health care facility in Jurupa Valley, 45 miles (72
kilometers) east of Los Angeles, where elderly people were taken out in
wheelchairs and gurneys as smoke swirled overhead. The blaze was at least
200 acres in size.
Meanwhile, about 750,000 people statewide remained
without power amid efforts to prevent more wildfires.
In wine country north of San Francisco, fire officials
reported progress in their battle against a 120-square-mile
(310-square-kilometer) blaze in Sonoma County, saying it was 30% contained.
The fire destroyed at least 266 structures, including
133 homes, and threatened 90,000 more, most of them homes, authorities said.
Fewer than 6,000 people were still out of their homes after authorities
lifted most of the evacuation orders.
Winds topped out at 70 mph (112 kph) north of San
Francisco Bay and began to ease early Wednesday, but forecasters said the
fire danger would remain high because of continuing breezes and dry air.
In Southern California, fire crews continued making
progress in trying to snuff out a wildfire in the celebrity-studded hills of
Los Angeles that destroyed a dozen homes on Monday. About 9,000 people,
including Arnold Schwarzenegger and LeBron James, were ordered to evacuate
and most of those orders were lifted Wednesday.
No deaths have been reported from the recent fires, but
toppled trees claimed three lives.
In the battle taking place in the dry hills around Simi
Valley, 800 firefighters worked on the ground as helicopters precisely
dropped water on the leading edge of the flames and a jet streamed red fire
retardant to slow the fire's growth.
Firefighters successfully protected the library,
leaving it looking like an island in a soot-black sea. Flames came within
about 30 yards (27 meters) of the property, but there was no damage, library
spokeswoman Melissa Giller said.
Residents were warned of evacuations when their
cellphones blared with emergency messages and police officers went door to
"Everything started rolling so fast," said Elena
Mishkanian, describing the time from the text to when she heard sirens.
Her family was able to gather only some basics. Her
daughter, Megan, 17, took some photos and mementos of trips she had taken.
Her son, Troy, 13, netted six pet fish from a tank and put them in pots.
"Fish have feelings!" he said when Megan teased him
about it. "Even if they don't make it, at least I know I tried."
As they left the house, police tied yellow caution tape
around their front door to show they had left.
Fire nearly destroys historic Japanese castle
Smoke and flames rise from burning Shuri Castle
in Naha, Okinawa, southern Japan, Thursday, Oct. 31, 2019. A fire early
Thursday burned down structures at Shuri Castle on Japan's southern island
of Okinawa, nearly destroying the UNESCO World Heritage site. (Jun
Hirata/Kyodo News via AP)
By MARI YAMAGUCHI
TOKYO (AP) — A fire broke out early Thursday and
spread quickly through historic Shuri Castle on Japan's southern island of
Okinawa, nearly destroying the UNESCO World Heritage site.
Firefighters battled the blaze for about 12 hours
before bringing it under control in the afternoon.
The fire in Naha, the prefectural capital of Okinawa,
started from the castle's main wooden structure and quickly jumped to other
buildings, in part because of windy weather. Three large halls and four
other structures burned down, a fire official said.
No one was injured. The cause was not immediately
An annual weeklong castle festival that began Sunday
was to run for a week but the remaining events were canceled. Event
organizers were preparing the next day's events at the castle until after
midnight, but no one was there when the fire broke out, officials said.
Video on NHK public television showed parts of the
castle engulfed in orange flames, then turning into a charred skeleton and
collapsing to the ground. Many residents watched from a hillside road and
quietly took photos to capture what was left of the castle before it was
largely lost. Some people were crying.
"I feel as if we have lost our symbol," said Naha Mayor
Mikiko Shiroma, who led an emergency response team. "I'm shocked."
Okinawa Gov. Denny Tamaki cut short a trip to South
Korea to return to Naha. "My heart is broken," he said. "But I also feel
strongly that we must reconstruct Shuri Castle, a symbol of the Ryukyu
Kingdom filled with our history and culture."
The castle is a symbol of Okinawa's cultural heritage
from the time of the Ryukyu Kingdom that spanned about 450 years from 1429
until 1879, when the island was annexed by Japan.
It is also a symbol of Okinawa's struggle and efforts
to recover from World War II. The castle burned down in 1945 during the
Battle of Okinawa near the war's end, in which about 200,000 lives were lost
on the island, many of them civilians.
The castle was largely restored in 1992 as a national
park and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2000 as part of a
group of ancient ruins, castles and sacred sites that "provide mute
testimony to the rare survival of an ancient form of religion into the
Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga told reporters
that the central government will do its utmost to reconstruct the castle.
The government dispatched officials from the Agency for
Cultural Affairs and other government organizations to join efforts to
investigate the cause of the fire and study ways to protect other historical
sites from disasters, Suga said.
Tokyo University of Science Professor Ai Sekizawa, an
expert on fire prevention, told NHK that the extensive damage occurred
because the fire broke out in the middle of the night when nobody was
around, delaying the initial firefighting effort. He said the design of the
castle might also have allowed the fire to quickly expand in the spacious
main hall and move to other buildings connected by hallways.
Kurayoshi Takara, a historian at the University of the
Ryukyus who helped reconstruct Shuri Castle, said he was speechless when he
saw the fire. He told NHK that the castle reconstruction was a symbolic
event for Okinawans to restore their history and Ryukyu heritage lost during
"I still can't accept this as a reality," Takara said.
"It has taken more than 30 years and it was a monument to the wisdom and
efforts of many people. Shuri Castle is not just about the buildings, but it
reconstructed all the details, even including equipment inside."
UNESCO Director General Audrey Azouley expressed her
sympathy. "Deep emotion and sincere solidarity with the Japanese people as
we see the tragic fire at the beautiful #shuricastle," she wrote on her
Twitter account. "This is a loss for all humanity."
Okinawa was under U.S. occupation until 1972, two
decades after the rest of Japan regained full independence.
Denmark allows Russia-Germany gas pipeline
In this Friday, April 9, 2010 file photo a
Russian construction worker speaks on a mobile phone in Portovaya Bay some
170 kms (106 miles) north-west from St. Petersburg, Russia, during a
ceremony marking the start of Nord Stream pipeline construction. Wednesday’s
decision by the Danish Energy Agency to approve the Nord Stream 2 pipeline’s
route is a blow to the U.S. President Donald Trump’s administration, which
had fiercely opposed it, and a victory for Russia and Germany which
staunchly supported it. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky, file)
By JAN M. OLSEN Associated Press
COPENHAGEN, Denmark (AP) — Denmark said Wednesday
it is giving permission for a joint German-Russian underwater gas
pipeline to be laid to through its territory, in a blow to the United
States, which had fiercely opposed the project.
The decision by the Danish Energy Agency to approve
the Nord Stream 2 pipeline's route is a victory for the governments of
Russia and Germany, which had staunchly supported it.
The plan to transport natural gas about
1,200-kilometers (746-miles) through the Baltic Sea from Russia to
Europe has come under fire from U.S. President Donald Trump's
administration and several European countries, who argue it could
increase Europe's dependence on Russia for energy.
The Danish government agency said it had granted a
permit "to construct a section of the Nord Stream 2 natural gas
pipelines on the Danish continental shelf southeast of Bornholm in the
"We are pleased to have obtained Denmark's
consent," said Samira Kiefer Andersson, a representative for Nord Stream
2 AG, the company that manages the project. "We will continue the
constructive cooperation with Danish authorities to complete the
construction of the pipeline."
She said preparatory work and the pipelay will
start in coming weeks.
The U.S. government, which wants to sell its
liquefied natural gas to Europe, has threatened sanctions against
companies involved in the undersea pipeline.
In Russia, Konstantin Kosachev, head of the foreign
affairs committee in the upper house of the Russian parliament, noted
that the permission was issued despite the "powerful pressure" of the
project's foes "from Ukraine to Poland to America."
A refusal to allow the pipeline's construction
would have "inflicted serious losses to European companies without any
real reason," Kosachev wrote on Facebook. "It looks like the project
could be completed within months."
While the pipeline is wholly owned by Russian gas
giant Gazprom, half of the project's 8 billion-euro ($8.9 billion) cost
is covered by five European energy and chemicals companies including
Shell, BASF and ENGIE.
Germany, Europe's biggest economy and the world's
biggest importer of natural gas, already relies heavily on Russian gas.
So far, Chancellor Angela Merkel has deftly kept the pipeline off the
table while imposing sanctions against Russia for its actions in
Asked whether any political obstacles to the
project remain after the Danish decision, German government spokesman
Steffen Seibert said: "We have always said that there is a political
dimension to Nord Stream 2, and we have always said that gas transit
through Ukraine must have a future."
Seibert noted that Merkel discussed the issue with
Russian President Vladimir Putin two days ago, and said Germany
continues to support three-way talks between Russia, Ukraine and the
European Commission on gas transit.
In Denmark, a left-wing party that supports the
minority Social Democratic Party government said the decision was
"disastrous for the climate and the European energy policy."
"In light of the climate crisis, Nord Stream 2 is a
blatantly stupid decision," said Mai Villadsen, a member of the
Red-Green Alliance. "It makes no sense to approve a huge new gas
pipeline without assessing the consequences for the climate."
The Nord Stream 2 pipeline starts in Russia and
passes through Finnish, Swedish, Danish and German marine areas before
going ashore at the German coast. It can transport 55 billion cubic
meters of natural gas per year.
Russia, Finland, Sweden and Germany earlier issued